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Showing posts from August 9, 2017

The Problems of Baloch Statehood After the Kurds, the Baloch is the second greatest stateless nation of West Asia. This article examines the problems or potential of a Baloch state. Similar to the Kurds, they are waging low-intensity war on the waves of an instability of the Middle East and South Asia and in the first decade of the 21 century which have reached to a new stage to develop a nationhood to struggle for an independent state. History of formation of a nation The ancestors of the Baloch migrated in three waves from the beginning of 1200 B.C. southwards to Seistan, first from the territory of contemporary Kurdistan, later from the Alburz mountain and in the latest wave from the surrounding territories of Aleppo to the Kerman and Makran region. The Baloch are ethnically close to the nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes of the Zagros mountain (the Kurds, the Loor and Bakhtiar). Their language belongs to the western branch of the Iranian language, related to t

The Baloch in Sistan and Baluchistan

Demarking the boundaries of Western Baluchistan – the Goldsmid and Holdich Agreements Having occupied Sindh in 1843 and Punjab in 1848, the British extended their influence in Baluchistan. Due to these developments, at the other side, in 1848 in Kerman the Persian Army defeated the Baloch tribes and occupied Bampur. In 1854 a treaty was signed between the British and Naseer Khan, ruler of Kalat whereby the British undertook to pay him an annual sum in return for his acceptance of becoming a British protectorate. Naser Khan II passed away in 1857 and was succeeded by Mir Khodadad who adhered to the above-mentioned agreement with the British in return for the annual payment to be doubled. These developments brought the Persian Empire and Britain face to face in Baluchistan and brought tensions between them. The British intended to extent the Baghdad-Bombay telegraph line westwards from Gwadar to the Straits of Hormuz. Coinciding with these events, there was tension between Persia and t

Is the United States in Decline? No state stays on top of the great power pyramid forever. By  CHRISTOPHER LAYNE  •  August 8, 2017 Everett Historical / Shutterstock In mid-May, leaders of 29 nations, and representatives from some 80 others, descended on Beijing to discuss China’s ambitious “One Belt One Road” (OBOR) development initiative—also known to some as the “New Silk Road.” This plan is the follow-on to China’s creation several years ago of the Asia Infrastructure Development Bank (AIIB), a major new international financial institution to foster economic development in “emerging market” nations. OBOR, a signature policy of Chinese president Xi Jinping, calls for investing massive amounts of money ($1 trillion, according to some reports) to promote trade and economic development by constructing transportation links that will tie together East Asian manufacturing hubs with Southeast Asia, Central Asia, Africa, and Southwest

In Naval War With China, India Would Be No Pushover James Holmes, Foreign Policy © 2017, Foreign Policy Right now China and India are glaring at each other across Doklam, the contested ground along the Sino-Indian frontier high in the Himalayas. It was the Himalayan border that prompted their last serious fight, when China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) dealt the Indians a short, sharp defeat in 1962. But any future war might not be fought on the high mountains, but the high seas. A Sino-Indian naval war seems improbable, for sure - but so do most wars, before they happen. It's certainly not unthinkable, and so it behooves Asia-watchers to lay out the odds now rather than be guilty of a failure of imagination should the worst transpire. Bottom line: Don't be taken in by numbers indicating that China would steamroll India in a sea fight. Martial enterprises are seldom that neat. China has settled its border disputes with most in

China’s outbound investment set to jump Source: Xinhua | 00:01 UTC+8 August 10, 2017 CHINESE outbound investment flows may hit US$1.5 trillion over the next 10 years, as key Chinese policies will underpin future overseas investment, a report said on Tuesday. China’s outbound investment is set to grow 70 percent over the next 10 years from a total of US$880 billion from 2007 to 2016, predicted the report published by global law firm Linklaters LLP. The outbound investment and acquisitions from China will continue to be a significant force in the coming years, as China’s long-term policies and initiatives such as “Made in China 2025” and the Belt and Road Initiative have outbound deals at the core, the report said. The “Made in China 2025” strategy, a roadmap released by the State Council in 2015 to guide the country’s advanced industrial manufacturing, has seen steady progress in industrial capability, smart manufacturin

HK and mainland China agree to develop Silk Road tourism 2017/08/09 17:50:41 From Hong Kong government website Hong Kong, Aug 9 (CNA) Hong Kong and mainland China signed a tourism agreement in Beijing Wednesday, agreeing to jointly develop Maritime Silk Road tourism products. The Agreement on Further Enhancement of Tourism Cooperation between China and Hong Kong was signed by officials from both sides in charge of the tourism industry. According to the Hong Kong authorities, the agreement aims to further strengthen exchange and cooperation between the two sides in tourism development. It also includes the joint development of Maritime Silk Road tourism products and related promotional work and publicity in Belt and Road markets. In addition, the two sides agreed to cooperate on the development of cruise tourism including itineraries, promotions and publicity, as well as personnel training. Currently, mainland China is the main source of tourists visiting Hong Kong, accounting for 76

China helps launch $13 bn Belt and Road rail project in Malaysia For China, the project is another expansion of its soft power in Malaysia, which also lays claim to some disputed South China Sea islands, and is critical for China’s geopolitical and strategic interests.         A map illustrating China's silk road economic Belt and the 21st century maritime silk road is displayed at the Asian Financial Forum in Hong Kong, China on January 18, 2016.(Reuters) Updated: Aug 09, 2017 17:20 IST By Reuters, Reuters, Kuantan (Malaysia) China and Malaysia broke ground on Wednesday on a $13 billion rail project linking peninsular Malaysia’s east and west, the largest such project in the country and a major part of Beijing’s Belt and Road infrastructure push. The planned 688-km (430-mile) East Coast Rail Link will connect the South China Sea, large parts of which are claimed by China, at the Thai border in the eas

China's Silk Road push is fuelling India's own regional ambitions By Bloomberg | Aug 09, 2017, 03.56 PM IST The road link will be funded by the Asian Development Bank under the South Asian Subregional Economic Cooperation program. By Archana Chaudhary and Dhwani Pandya When Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government approved $256 million to upgrade a section of a remote border road last month, few took notice. Yet India’s decision to revive plans for the trilateral highway, part of an ambitious 1,360-kilometer (845 mile) crossing to link northeastern India with markets in Thailand and beyond, marks the next phase in the jostle between New Delhi and Beijing for economic and strategic influence in the region. In the last two years alone, India has assigned more than $4.7 billion in contracts for the development of its border roads, according to government figures, including the highway which will run from Moreh