Belt and Road Initiative
Indonesia urged to probe death of Belt and Road project critic
Activists say lawyer may have been targeted for opposing China-backed dam
The Batang Toru hydropower plant construction project © EPA-EFE
October 31, 2019 1:51 pm by James Kynge in Hong Kong and Stefania Palma in Singapore
More than 240 civil society organisations urged Indonesia on Thursday to investigate the “extremely suspicious” death of an activist who opposed the building of a hydropower dam seen as key to China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the country.
Environmental groups — including Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace, as well as several Indonesian and Asian non-governmental organisations — say the $1.6bn Batang Toru dam being built on the island of Sumatra could lead to the extinction of a species of orang-utan.
In a letter sent to several Indonesian embassies, the organisations say Golfrid Siregar, an Indonesian environmental lawyer, was found beaten and abandoned on the side of a road on Sumatra on October 3. He died three days later.
“Although police claim his death was the result of a traffic accident, there are a number of irregularities and suspicious circumstances which suggest his death may have occurred as retaliation for his environmental and human rights advocacy work,” the groups allege in the letter seen by the Financial Times.
Mr Siregar worked as a legal manager at Walhi North Sumatra, an environmental NGO. He was involved in a lawsuit against PT North Sumatera Hydro Energy, a majority Chinese-owned company that is responsible for the dam project. The case claims PT NSHE violated at least three Indonesian laws.
A spokesperson for PT NSHE told the FT its communications director was on leave and no one else had the authority to comment.
The letter represents the most concerted opposition by civil society groups towards a BRI project in Indonesia.
Repeated calls to Zhefu Holding, a Shenzhen-listed company that is the majority owner of PT NSHE, were not answered.
The Bank of China, which is financing the project, did not respond to requests for comment.
A spokesperson for the Indonesian foreign ministry said it had no knowledge of the letter.
China’s controversial BRI is one of President Xi Jinping’s flagship foreign policy projects, designed to build infrastructure and win political influence in countries around the world. But critics say Beijing is funding badly managed white elephant projects with little regard for their environmental or social impact.
The flagship BRI project in Indonesia, a $6bn high-speed rail project that is intended to link the capital Jakarta with Bandung 140km away, has run into chronic delays and controversies over costs and land acquisition.
The area where the dam is scheduled to be built is thought to be crucial to the survival of the Tapanuli orang-utan © Tim Laman/Wikipedia
The letter details several aspects of Mr Siregar’s death that are allegedly inconsistent with the police claim that he died in a traffic accident.
“First, he suffered primarily from serious head injuries which caused his cranium to break, while the rest of his body largely remained uninjured,” it says. “Second, family and friends reported that there were bruises to his right eye as if from a hard, direct blow.”
A photograph of Mr Siregar after his death and seen by the FT shows a large amount of swelling on one side of his forehead.
“Third, mud and wet soil were found on his clothes, even though the area where he was found is paved, with no soil nearby. Fourth, his personal belongings, bag, laptop, wallet, phone and ring were missing. Fifth, his motorcycle was mostly undamaged, and not reflective of being in a serious, fatal traffic accident,” the letter adds.
The area where the dam is scheduled to be built is thought to be crucial to the survival of the Tapanuli orang-utan, classified as a critically endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Additional reporting by Don Weinland in Beijing