Skip to main content

POK annexation: Challenge is not from Pakistan but China

By Amar Bhushan| Published: 20th October 2019 05:00 AM


It is good to dream big but always better to be wise in pursuing it. Ever since Article 370 was de-operationalised, ministers and senior security officials have been grandstanding that India’s next strategic move will be to take over Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK). Indeed, India has a rightful claim to this region as per terms of the Instrument of Accession but occupying it is far more perilous than dispensing with Article 370 and 35A.

POK can still be merged if India invades Pakistan and wins the war decisively. But it may have unforeseen consequences of disastrous proportion. Other option is that India aggressively helps rebel groups in POK, Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan and Sindh to tear Pakistan apart, giving it the opportunity to annex POK. But this will invite international condemnation and punitive sanctions. Another possibility is that economic progress and freedom enjoyed by Kashmiris work eventually as a catalyst for POK to revolt and join with J&K. This is unlikely, for Kashmiris constitute only 11 per cent of POK’s population and cannot force the issue on the majority Pakistani expatriates.

Actually, it is not Pakistan but China that India will have to annex POK from. Of the total area of J&K (2,22,236 sq km) that was acceded by Maharaja Hari Singh, India is now left with only 74,292 sq km while Pakistan and China occupy 1,10,489 sq km and 37,555 sq km respectively. So, if POK is to be liberated, India must fight a winnable war against both Pakistan and China. Beijing will surely not let this happen for reasons other than expanding its boundaries. 

Over the years, China’s economic and strategic interests in Pakistan have grown exponentially. It has invested $62 billion in building China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) that includes development of Gwadar port and massive construction of roads, railways, airports, telecommunication network and power stations in Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh.

The CPEC connects to Beijing by Karakoram highway that runs through Gilgit-Baltistan, India’s erstwhile part of greater J&K. This highway is also a part of $1 trillion worth Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) of China that seeks to further expand its economy by exploiting resources in Asia, Africa and Europe. Delhi has been opposing BRI on the ground that Karakoram highway violates its sovereignty over Gilgit-Baltistan. Such is the stake of China in these two projects that it has committed over 65,000 Chinese civilians as workforce and nearly 13,000 PLA troops to ensure their safety.

With so much investment, China has really no choice but to treat Pakistan as its ‘all-weather friend’. It has to equip the Pak Army and help it engage India along the borders and suppress Balochs and other secessionist groups that are opposed to Chinese presence and exploitation of their mineral reserves. There is no way China is going to allow a ruckus democracy of Indian variety to set roots in Pakistan and derail its long-term economic and strategic objectives in the region. A colonised Pakistan will be its safest bet. Moreover, since POK is the life line for both CPEC and BRI, Beijing cannot afford to let Pakistan wither and give POK to India on a platter.


Popular posts from this blog

SSG Commando Muddassir Iqbal of Pakistan Army

“ Commando Muddassir Iqbal was part of the team who conducted Army Public School operation on 16 December 2014. In this video he reveals that he along with other commandos was ordered to kill the innocent children inside school, when asked why should they kill children after killing all the terrorist he was told that it would be a chance to defame Taliban and get nation on the side. He and all other commandos killed children and later Taliban was blamed.
Muddassir Iqbal has deserted the military and now he is  with mujahedeen somewhere in AF PAK border area”
For authenticity of  this tape journalists can easy reach to his home town to interview his family members or   ISPR as he reveals his army service number”
Asalam o Alaikum: My name is Muddassir Iqbal. My father’s name is Naimat Ali. I belong to Sialkot divison (Punjab province), my village is Shamsher Poor and district, tehsil and post office  Narowal. Unfortunately I was working in Pakistan army. I feel embarrassed to tell you …

The Rise of China-Europe Railways

The Rise of China-Europe RailwaysMarch 6, 2018The Dawn of a New Commercial Era?For over two millennia, technology and politics have shaped trade across the Eurasian supercontinent. The compass and domesticated camels helped the “silk routes” emerge between 200 and 400 CE, and peaceful interactions between the Han and Hellenic empires allowed overland trade to flourish. A major shift occurred in the late fifteenth century, when the invention of large ocean-going vessels and new navigation methods made maritime trade more competitive. Mercantilism and competition among Europe’s colonial powers helped pull commerce to the coastlines. Since then, commerce between Asia and Europe has traveled primarily by sea.1Against this historical backdrop, new railway services between China and Europe have emerged rapidly. Just 10 years ago, regular direct freight services from China to Europe did not exist.2 Today, they connect roughly 35 Chinese…

China's Raise as a Maritime Power

China's Rise as a Maritime PowerOcean Policy from Mao Zedong to Xi JinpingTAKEDA Jun’ichiSenkaku IslandsApr 23, 2014 PDF Download1. IntroductionThe international community has been viewing China's recent moves relating to the seas as representing "maritime expansion," and the Chinese themselves have come to talk about making their country a maritime power. In the political report he delivered in the autumn of 2012 to the eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which stands at the top of the country's power structure, General Secretary Hu Jintao declared, "We should enhance our capacity for exploiting marine resources, develop the marine economy, protect the marine ecological environment, resolutely safeguard China's maritime rights and interests, and build China into a maritime power."1 This was Hu's final report as the top leader of the CPC; after delivering it he stepped down from his posts as general secretary and chairm…