Skip to main content

Ex-WH economist: China’s New Silk Road is a 'threat to the existing system'

Aarthi Swaminathan

Yahoo FinanceMay 23, 2019

China has 'way too much risk' for investors right now

China’s new Silk Road represents a “threat to the existing system” and challenges America’s global financial leadership, according to a former White House economist.

The China’s desire to realign the global financial system to put the Chinese renminbi front and center an intended goal of its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) or new Silk Road.

“From the U.S. perspective, obviously, we have been both providing the leadership in the global financial system, but we do derive benefits from it,” K.C. Fung, a former White House Council of Economic Advisers Senior International Economist under President George H.W. Bush and President Bill Clinton, told Yahoo Finance.

Since the U.S. dollar is the world's foremost currency, “we also use a system to sanction other economies,” Fung added, “by cutting them off from access to the global dollar liquidity, and so on.”

Fung, now a professor at the University of California Santa Cruz, said China wants to be “at least a co-equal in the next 30 years to the U.S.” Consequently, Beijing is pursuing various means to get its own system up and running — which is financial, technological, and other standards.

Students pose for a photo with a globe during a campaign to mark World Earth Day in a middle school in Dexing, Jiangxi province April 19, 2011. (Photo: REUTERS/China Daily)More

And from the U.S. perspective, that effort is “a threat to the existing system,” Fund said, adding that the existing world order that “we have maintained for several decades is challenged.”

‘Historic golden opportunity’ for the Chinese currency

China’s big Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) — which began in 2013 and hopes to bring Asia, Africa and Europe closer to China — has led to billions of dollars flowing out of China and into capital-hungry countries’ hands from Indonesia to Italy.

One part of the BRI is the Digital Silk Road, which develops communications networks across the developing world. According to D.C.-based consulting firm RWR Advisory Group, China has already spent $79 billion developing various projects from telecom infrastructure to facial recognition.

And investing in digital infrastructure could not just allow surveillance or an evolved form of neocolonialism, it could also serve Beijing’s desire to elevate Chinese renminbi (RMB) as a gold standard in finance.

“[The] Belt and Road Initiative is a great undertaking beneficial to all along the line,” Xinhua news, citing the executive director of China’s International Monetary Institute (IMI), reported in 2015 report. “It also offers a historic golden opportunity for RMB internationalization.”

China's new Silk Road spans Central Asia and Europe. (Graphic: David Foster)

And China’s official stance is that “financial integration is an important underpinning for implementing the Belt and Road Initiative,” according to a Silk Road Vision and Actions document from 2015. “We should deepen financial cooperation, and make more efforts in building a currency stability system, investment and financing system and credit information system in Asia.”

It also hopes to “support the efforts of governments of the countries along the Belt and Road and their companies and financial institutions with good credit-rating to issue Renminbi bonds in China.”

But if China does manage to take over the global financial system — by internationalizing the Chinese RMB — the Digital Silk Road would help China “circumvent external surveillance” and create “both an alternative and parallel to the U.S.-centered SWIFT system,” according to researchers at the UK-based Institute of Development Studies.

In such a scenario, countries affected by U.S. sanctions could potentially bypass those limitations and turn to the Chinese instead to retain their lifeline to the global financial system.

A tourist pays for a zip tour with Alipay in Johannesburg, South Africa, Aug. 30, 2017. (Photo credit: Xinhua via Getty Images)More

‘No evidence to panic’

Another expert said that there is no reason to be imminently worried about the U.S. dollar being dislodged by the renminbi as the global reserve currency.

“They’re a long, long way away from that,” Duff & Phelps Chief Strategist and former U.S. Treasury official Chris Campbell told Yahoo Finance. “The Chinese have a very long view... on economic strategies but I did not see any evidence of that while I was at the Treasury.”

Campbell emphasized that he saw “no evidence to panic [over] the degradation of the U.S. dollar as the common currency. The RMB is far from being in a place where it can displace the USD.”

China is “playing a very long game on this, there’s no question,” added Campbell, who served as the former assistant secretary of the U.S. Treasury for financial institutions. “But the reality is, the one thing that is frustrating them with the Trump administration, compared to previous administrations, is that... the strategy of talking a lot and just not doing a lot of action... is just not working with this President.”

Aarthi is a reporter for Yahoo Finance. Follow her on Twitter @aarthiswami.


Popular posts from this blog

SSG Commando Muddassir Iqbal of Pakistan Army

“ Commando Muddassir Iqbal was part of the team who conducted Army Public School operation on 16 December 2014. In this video he reveals that he along with other commandos was ordered to kill the innocent children inside school, when asked why should they kill children after killing all the terrorist he was told that it would be a chance to defame Taliban and get nation on the side. He and all other commandos killed children and later Taliban was blamed. Muddassir Iqbal has deserted the military and now he is  with mujahedeen somewhere in AF PAK border area” For authenticity of  this tape journalists can easy reach to his home town to interview his family members or   ISPR as he reveals his army service number” Asalam o Alaikum: My name is Muddassir Iqbal. My father’s name is Naimat Ali. I belong to Sialkot divison (Punjab province), my village is Shamsher Poor and district, tehsil and post office  Narowal. Unfortunately I was working in Pakistan army. I feel embarrassed to tell yo

CPEC Jobs in Pakistan, salary details

JOBS...نوکریاں چائنہ کمپنی میں Please help the deserving persons... Salary: Salary package in China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in these 300,000 jobs shall be on daily wages. The details of the daily wages are as follows; Welder: Rs. 1,700 daily Heavy Duty Driver: Rs. 1,700 daily Mason: Rs. 1,500 daily Helper: Rs. 850 daily Electrician: Rs. 1,700 daily Surveyor: Rs. 2,500 daily Security Guard: Rs. 1,600 daily Bulldozer operator: Rs. 2,200 daily Concrete mixer machine operator: Rs. 2,000 daily Roller operator: Rs. 2,000 daily Steel fixer: Rs. 2,200 daily Iron Shuttering fixer: Rs. 1,800 daily Account clerk: Rs. 2,200 daily Carpenter: Rs. 1,700 daily Light duty driver: Rs. 1,700 daily Labour: Rs. 900 daily Para Engine mechanic: Rs. 1,700 daily Pipe fitter: Rs. 1,700 daily Storekeeper: Rs. 1,700 daily Office boy: Rs. 1,200 daily Excavator operator: Rs. 2,200 daily Shovel operator: Rs. 2,200 daily Computer operator: Rs. 2,200 daily Security Supervisor: Rs.

A ‘European Silk Road’

publication_icon Philipp Heimberger ,  Mario Holzner and Artem Kochnev wiiw Research Report No. 430, August 2018  43 pages including 10 Tables and 17 Figures FREE DOWNLOAD The German version can be found  here . In this study we argue for a ‘Big Push’ in infrastructure investments in greater Europe. We propose the building of a European Silk Road, which connects the industrial centres in the west with the populous, but less developed regions in the east of the continent and thereby is meant to generate more growth and employment in the short term as well as in the medium and long term. After its completion, the European Silk Road would extend overland around 11,000 kilometres on a northern route from Lisbon to Uralsk on the Russian-Kazakh border and on a southern route from Milan to Volgograd and Baku. Central parts are the route from Lyon to Moscow in the north and from Milan to Constanţa in the south. The southern route would link Central Europe with the Black Sea area and