Saturday, June 17, 2017
The Baloch in post Islamic revolution Iran: a political study
Researcher: Taheri, Ahmad
Keywords: Islamic Republic
Islamic Consultative Assembly
Upload Date: 25-Apr-2012
University: University of PuneCompleted Date: May 2009
Appears in Departments:Department of Politics & Public Administration
Sat Jun 17, 2017 1:52PM
The Iranian Navy successfully test-fires the Nour cruise missile in the Strait of Hormuz, southern Iran, on January 29, 2016. (Photo by ISNA)
The naval forces of Iran and China are to hold a joint military drill in the Strait of Hormuz.
The Chinese Navy fleet, which docked at the southern Iranian port city of Bandar Abbas on Thursday, will take part in the joint exercises in waters of the Islamic Republic on Sunday.
The Iranian and Chinese naval forces will display their military capabilities and share experience during the drill.
China’s Navy fleet, comprising of guided-missile destroyer Chang Chung, replenishment ship Chao Hu and guided-missile frigate Jin Zhou as well as a helicopter, is in Iran to boost relations and marine interaction between the two countries’ naval forces.
In recent years, Iran has made major breakthroughs in its defense sector and attained self-sufficiency in the production of important military equipment and systems.
The country has also conducted major military drills to enhance the defense capabilities of its Armed Forces and to test modern military tactics and state-of-the-art equipment.
The Islamic Republic maintains that its military might poses no threat to other countries, and that its defense doctrine is merely based on deterrence
Mir Hazar Khan, a lieutenant of Khair Baksh Marri, who led the insurgency in the Marri area until 1976, when he left for Afghanistan but continued to direct actions from there.
"The Pakistan Army had meanwhile profited from the gift of thirty Huey Cobra helicopter gunships from Iran, which was fearful of the potential spill over of the uprising in Pakistani Baluchistan into Iranian Baluchistan. The army used these gunships against the people of the Marri tribe (including women and children) who had taken refuge in the Chamalang Valley on 3 September 1974. This action drew the Marri fighters down from their hideouts in the hills and a three day battle ensued in which the heavily out gunned Marris suffered grievously".
Proposal has received a ‘positive’ response from Beijing, according to Paul Chan Mo-po
Hong Kong, which last week joined the Beijing-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank by agreeing to pay US$155 million over five years, is now lobbying the AIIB to set up a regional office in the city, Financial Secretary Paul Chan Mo-po told the Sunday Morning Post on Saturday.
Speaking on the sidelines of the two-day AIIB annual meeting on the South Korean resort island of Jeju, Chan said Hong Kong was also seeking to become an alternate governor on the bank’s board, which would give the city a bigger say in the institution.
The AIIB is Beijing’s answer to the Asian Development Bank led by Japan and the World Bank, which is heavily influenced by the United States.
Chan said Hong Kong had made its wishes clear to AIIB president Jin Liqun and Minister of Finance Xiao Jie, proposing that part of the bank’s operations – such as the treasury – be moved to the city. The proposal had received a “positive” response from Beijing, he said.
“They know our advantages,” Chan said. “Compared with cities like Shanghai, we have the advantage ... of our wider reach to international investors, in particular institutional investors.”
He added that Hong Kong also had the “China advantage” over cities like Singapore and London.
CHINA AT A GLANCE
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The AIIB, with a capital base of US$100 billion, is a big economic diplomacy win for Beijing. The idea of creating a China-led regional bank was raised by President Xi Jinping in 2013, but it initially met with resistance from the US and Japan. Only 22 countries signed the founding agreement in Beijing in late 2014.
But attitudes changed after the United Kingdom’s then chancellor of the exchequer George Osborne in March 2015 announced that the UK would join the bank – becoming the first major Western nation to do so.
Now, the AIIB has 80 members – including all the Group of Seven countries except for the United States and Japan. Argentina, Madagascar and Tonga are the latest countries to get on board.
Chan said Hong Kong’s investment in the AIIB would be managed by the Financial Secretary’s Office, with assistance from the Monetary Authority and in particular the HKMA’s recently set up infrastructure investment office.
He said the decision to join the bank, at a cost of US$155 million for a stake of less than 1 per cent, was the right one because “we need to know what is going on around us so that we can stay relevant
Former New Zealand Prime Minister Jenny Shipley discussed China's "One Belt, One Road" initiative in Hangzhou on Saturday, June 17.
The speed with which China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative has attracted interest and resources is helping to fuel its appeal to nations, former New Zealand Prime Minister Jenny Shipley said on Saturday at a conference in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou.
China’s effort “has gone out of the blocks and onward much more quickly than most global institutional ideas,” Shipley said. “That agility, I think, has excited people, and that’s different” from a lot of the World War II-era international institutions set up under the Bretton Wood agreements to help facilitate global growth, she said. “It’s not only the quality of the idea but the speed with which capital and resources are now being deployed” to back it up, Shipley said. China, for its part, recently pledged $124 billion, including loans, to support projects along its former Silk Road trading route in the coming years. A gathering in Beijing to discuss the plan last month attracted leaders from 29 nations, including Russia President Vladimir Putin and Turkey President Tayyip Erdogan.
How Michelle Obama and 30 Celebrities Teamed Up to Celebrate College Signing Day
The “belt” and “road” loosely refer to land and water trading paths along China’s historic Silk Road passages across Eurasia and Europe. The initiative to expand business across the area was introduced in 2013, and has become a centerpiece of China’s efforts to become more involved on the global stage. “This is a massively big idea, connecting a range of countries” in an “inspired” way, Shipley said.
Shipley shared her views at a summit of current and former business, government and academic leaders from China and Silk Road nations gathered in Hangzhou for two days to discuss business opportunities in those fast-growing regions. The event is organized by the Silk Road International Association, or SRIA, an affiliate of the Beijing-headquartered International Finance Forum. SRIA, created in 2016, aims to serve as a platform for dialog and cooperation for business along the historic Silk Road region.
China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative is being promoted at a time of technological change. The manufacturing and trade environment in which older institutions such as the World Trade Organization played key roles is evolving into one in which information technology advances such as the Internet of things and e-commerce are reshaping business, Shipley noted.
To that end, under a broader goal of bringing “people to markets and markets to people,” a key part of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative should be to connect more people around the world to the Internet, Shipley said.
Top Chinese companies with senior leaders present in Hangzhou for SRIA’s first summit include the China Railway Group, China Construction Bank and Everbright Securities. Their presence reflects a consensus that large state-owned Chinese businesses with expertise in infrastructure construction would be some of the early beneficiaries of the One Belt, One Road plan.
--Follow me on Twitter @rflannerychina
Xinhua | Updated: 2017-06-17 17:27
BEIJING — Around 440 years ago, two Chinese galleons sailed into the Mexican port of Acapulco, laden with prized goods from the Orient, including 23,730 meters of silk fabrics and 22,300 pieces of porcelain made in China, as well as ivory, lacquerware and Asian spices.
The two merchant ships carrying Chinese goods were also known as the Manila Galleons because they set sail from Manila, the current capital of the Philippines, and their arrival mirrored the very early days of the brisk trans-Pacific trade between Asia and Latin America.
After their cargo was unloaded, the galleons returned from Acapulco, carrying goods from the New World, such as silver, cacao, maize, potatoes and tomatoes.
This trade route was an extension of China's ancient Maritime Silk Route, and formed a key part of the glorious history of trade between China and the rest of the world.
Nowadays, China and Latin America are once again connected, this time by the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, part of the Belt and Road Initiative proposed by China in 2013 with the aim of building a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along the ancient trade routes.
The new maritime route extends to Latin America and the Caribbean, a region looking for stronger infrastructure and greater inclusion in global value chains.
In the past decade, trade between China and Latin America has increased significantly, amounting to $216.5 billion in 2016.
There's little doubt that China and Latin America are natural trade partners. The region has abundant natural resources and has historically been a leading exporter of raw materials, while China, the world's second-largest economy, has a great demand for commodities.
According to the United Nations' Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, each one-percent increase in China's economy translates into a 0.5-percent increase in Latin America's gross domestic product (GDP).
China's agricultural imports from Latin America have grown and are poised to increase further, with the Chinese market's opening up to a variety of regional produce, a sign of Beijing's commitment to diversifying and balancing bilateral trade.
As the global economy is currently undergoing a rocky period of transition, China and Latin America are both tackling structural reforms to spur development, with shared goals and interests that go beyond mere trade.
In July 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping traveled to the region for the second time, proposing a three-pronged growth strategy for both regions to promote trade, investment and financial cooperation.
By 2016, China's non-financial direct investment in Latin America grew to $29.8 billion, up 39 percent from the previous year.
Behind the stable development and pragmatic cooperation in trade and investment between the two sides is a belief in free trade that stands in sharp contrast with the recent rise in trade protectionism, as evidenced by Britain's exit from the European Union and the U.S. withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
The Belt and Road Initiative aims to coordinate public policy, connect infrastructure, eliminate trade barriers, integrate financial systems and strengthen ties between countries to spur development.
In essence, China proposes boosting transportation infrastructure, including roadways, rail lines, air links and ports, to increase trade.
Today, China and Latin America need to show the same courage and determination shown by the 16th-century explorers to overcome the currents of protectionism in parts of the world, and stay the course towards free trade and global development to benefit peoples around the world
Back in 2014, when HSBC first started writing about China’s plan to build a New Silk Road along the centuries-old trading routes, it was little more than a bold idea. Three years on, what has generally come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), is being billed by President Xi Jinping as “the project of the century”, encompassing about 63 per cent of the world’s population and 29 per cent of global GDP, according to an HSBC research report.
It said last month, China announced an additional US$136 billion of funding support for BRI related infrastructure projects. Aside from signalling Beijing’s commitment to the BRI, it also reflects a growing need. The Asia Development Bank (ADB) estimates that emerging Asia will require about $22.6 trillion of infrastructure investment between 2016 and 2030, or $1.5 trillion a year. No single source of funding can meet the large demand.
The report on the “silk road fund” says that given the vast and growing pool of long-term savings in Asia, money should not be an issue. The problem is matching these funding resources with investable projects.
Public and development finance:
The New Silk Road Fund, the China Development Bank, the Export and Import Bank of China, the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, and the ADB all focus on providing financing for investable projects with spin-off effects for economic and social development.
Through products and services, such as project financing and transactional banking, banks can help boost investment and trade flows along the Belt and Road economic corridors, the report said.
The challenge is to develop an efficient structure to match projects with investors who have different requirements in terms of risk appetite and returns. Whether through debt or equity financing, it’s crucial to make infrastructure-related financial instruments part of mainstream asset allocation. This would attract a broader range of private investors, including pension and insurance fund managers.
The report said that greater involvement by the private sector should also help improve the efficiency of infrastructure investment. As such, better policy coordination among the governments to provide a transparent regulatory framework for private investment would represent a crucial step towards reaping the benefits of the BRI.
More BRI-related action plans
China’s government held its inaugural Belt and Road Forum (BRF) on 14-15 May 2017. More than 1,000 delegates from over 30 countries and international organisations attended. President Xi delivered a keynote speech that outlined action plans to stimulate investment and trade along the BRI economic corridors. After the meeting, China’s official media outlet (Xinhua) published a list of 270 initiatives, covering policy coordination, transport connectivity, trade and financial integration, and cultural exchanges.
More financial support from Beijing
As part of its renewed support for the BRI, China’s government plans to scale up funding by contributing an additional RMB 100 billion to the state-owned Silk Road Fund, encouraging overseas RMB fund business, and setting aside a total of RMB 380 billion for a special lending scheme for two key development financial institutions: the China Development Bank (CDB) and the Export and Import Bank of China (EXIM).
In addition, China has called for better financial integration and enhanced policy cooperation to offer long-term, sustainable financial support to facilitate BRI projects. The RMB’s internationalisation is expected to benefit from the rising tide of BRI-related trade and investment flows.
Enhanced policy coordination
“By linking countries and regions that account for about 63 per cent of the world’s population and 29 per cent of global GDP, the BRI can provide stronger links with Asia, Europe, and Africa. Unleashing the growth potential of BRI countries and achieving economic integration and inter-connected development holds the key to success. So, aside from a series of infrastructure projects, policy coordination is becoming increasingly important. China signed business and trade cooperation agreements with over 30 countries during the recent forum. It also signed memoranda of understanding with 14 international organisations, including the ADB, the AIIB, the NDB and the World Bank, aiming to better leverage the strength of these multilateral institutions. These efforts are building blocks that will help create a China-led global development framework, HSBC said.
Infrastructure connectivity the key
Infrastructure connectivity remains the focal point of the BRI. President Xi stressed the promotion of investment in key passageways, cities and projects, and networks of highways, railways and sea ports. This will lead to strong demand for cross-border financing services, with financial integration one of the key components aiding the network. President Xi called for the creation of new models of investment and financing, encouraging greater cooperation between governments and private capital in building a diversified financing system and a multi-tiered capital market.
Infrastructure demand vs funding gap
According to the ADB, Asia Pacific needs up to $1.5 trillion in infrastructure investment per year through 2030 to sustain its growth trajectory. Total infrastructure investment demand will amount to $ 22.6 trillion during 2016-30. This estimate covers all 45 ADB member countries in developing Asia, focusing on the region’s power, transport, telecommunications, water and sanitation infrastructure. Currently, Asian countries invest $881 billion annually in infrastructure, so the estimated funding gap is equal to 2.4 per cent of projected GDP for 2016-20.
The report said that China, India and Indonesia need the most infrastructure investment accounting for more than half (58.2 per cent). Other BRI countries also need to bridge the infrastructure investment gap. Similar to China, many BRI countries are on the urbanisation ‘fast track’ (60 per cent of BRI countries’ urbanisation ratios are 30-70 per cent). Simply put, cities generate significant demand for infrastructure.
Action on infrastructure
It is well known that infrastructure is the key physical component of the Belt and Road Initiative, in addition to trade, investment connections. Financial integration with better policy coordination within BRI countries is needed to bridge the investment gap. While China has invested heavily in infrastructure in the past few years, with support from major development financial institutions, the commercial banks need to grab a larger slice of the action as Chinese enterprises expand overseas. “We believe that better policy coordination between BRI countries and financial innovation can help them achieve that goal,” the research report said.
In addition to infrastructure investment, China’s rising overseas investment in manufacturing, especially equipment manufacturing, is another area to watch. This reflects Beijing’s efforts to promote international cooperation with regards to industrial production and equipment manufacturing. The idea is to upgrade the domestic manufacturing industry by internationalising it. “We see many positive developments supporting future ODI flows in the BRI region. There are a substantial number of new projects being negotiated or about to be announced, which will translate into a stable flow of future outward investment,” HSBC noted.
It said that with the global economy showing signs of recovery, more projects are reaching the implementation stage, cross-border trade connections are becoming more sophisticated, and financing support is gradually strengthening. “We expect RMB trade settlement and investment to continue to strengthen in parallel with the expansion in China’s trade and investment in the BRI region in the next couple of years,” the report added
People Of Balochistan ‘Waging A Brave Struggle’ Against Atrocities Committed By Pakistan: India Tells UN
Indian delegation at UNHRC.
India on Thursday raised the issue of Balochistan at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva and urged the UN body to take a "clear-cut stance" against atrocities committed by Pakistan, adding that the people of the state are “waging for decades a bitter and brave struggle against daily abuse”.
The Indian delegation also slammed Pakistan for raking up Jammu and Kashmir at the UNHRC for propagandist purposes, reminding Islamabad of its obligation under UN resolutions to first vacate the illegal occupation of the Indian state.
Exercising India's fourth right of reply, the delegation said, "Islamabad has had territorial ambitions over the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir since 1947. It has been using this forum to rake up the issue while it has a poor record on human rights in the Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, in other parts of Pakistan, including Balochistan. Pakistan's continued mistreatment of large parts of its own population has created a cauldron of tumult that has begun to jeopardise the safety and security of its neighbouring countries," India said at the council.
Pointing to the atrocities committed by Pakistan in Balochistan, India said, "The people of Balochistan , amongst other provinces, have been waging for decades a bitter and brave struggle against their daily abuse and torture. Religious and sectarian minorities such as Hindus, Christians, Sunnis, Ahmadiyas, Ismail and others continue to face discrimination, persecution and targeted attacks in Pakistan. Places of worship belonging to minorities have been destroyed. Blasphemy laws remain in force and are used against religious minorities."
Given this state of affairs, Pakistan will be well-advised to focus on setting its own house in order and acting against the perpetrators of terrorist attacks on its neighbours instead of raking up Kashmir, the Indian delegation said.
With inputs from ANI
US-Led Coalition Under Fire From Human Rights Watch For Using White Phosphorous Munitions In Mosul
U.S. Marines fire a 120 mm white phosphorous mortar towards a Taliban position on April 3, 2009 in Now Zad in Helmand province, Afghanistan. (Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)
The United States-led coalition has come under fire from Human Rights activists for deploying white phosphorous munitions in fight against Islamic State (IS) militants in the Iraqi city of Mosul.
It was only a speculation until New Zealand Brig. Gen. Hugh McAslan confirmed the use of white phosphorous munitions. "We have utilized white phosphorus to screen areas within west Mosul to get civilians out safely," he told NPR. This is not the first time that the coalition has used this material against militants but earlier, its use was limited to sparsely populated villages, not big cities.
White phosphorous burns at very high temperatures when it comes in contact with oxygen. Hence using it as an incendiary weapon in areas with big population can put the civilians lives at risk. “White phosphorus can cause horrific injuries, burning deep into the muscle and bone. It is possible that some of it will only partially burn and could then reignite weeks after being deployed,” Amnesty International said.
The use of this substance is not banned under the Chemical Weapons Convention. But it can only be employed to camouflage the movement of troops, not as a weapon. In this case, it is not yet clear, what it was used for.
Legal technicalities aside, the incendiary substance can’t be loosely used. And understandably, Human Rights activists aren’t pleased with the coalition. “No matter how white phosphorus is used, it poses a high risk of horrific and long-lasting harm in crowded cities like Raqqa and Mosul and any other areas with concentrations of civilians,” Steve Goose of Human Rights Watch said.
Tarek Fateh must educate Panjabis instead of Baloch and Indians-By: Sobdar Baloch
This is unbelievable that today the majority of Panjabis living in Panjab province and abroad are unaware about Pakistan army’s terrorism on #BalochSoil. In fact they are deliberately facilitating their army and ISI to strengthen #BalochGenocide so they rule Balochistan further in the future.
What is the responsibility of Panjabi intellectual?
A Panjabi from Panjab province must think why his people in Panjab are ignoring Baloch genocide, why the majority of Panjabis cheers when a Baloch activist is killed or abducted by the ISI?
The London group of 1970’s comprised of Najam Sethi, Rashed Rehman, Asad Rehman and few others must have started awareness campaign in Panjab province because the only people must be educated are actually the panjabis themselves. They instead of coming to Balochistan must have worked in Panjab or in Europe, United Kingdom or elsewhere to raise Balochistan issue, because Panjab being the majority in numbers are collectively usurping Baloch rights and suppressing Baloch voice on the assembly forums. Assembly members, army generals, bureaucrats, media and mullah all are at same page when it comes to suppress and crush the Baloch freedom movement.
Baloch leaders took part in Pakistani elections in the past but were not given the chance to do anything for the betterment of their people.
Tarek and other characters must land in Panjab province to ask their politicians and army generals why they dismissed the legitimate governments of Baloch leaders in the past?
Our international friends of Balochistan must think on this aspect that why Panjabi intellectuals make their entry in Balochistan and directly make bonds with Baloch individuals, try to win their trust by using harsh language against pakistan army, ISI and favoring the Baloch freedom movement,. We should seriously think that why they enter in the camps of pro-freedom parties? Are not they deliberately being sent by the ISI to extract information from Baochistan movement to counter it?
Today when entire Panjab province is silent on #BalochGenocide Tarek Fateh and other opportunists must have gone to Panjab province and must have started a massive campaigning to tell the people of Panjab that they must not remain silent on Baloch suffering, Panjabis must educate their own inhabitants that their army is doing wrong in #OccupiedBalochistan. Panjabi intellectuals, columnists and writers like Tarek Fateh must land in Panjab and tell their army must withdraw from Balochistan.
Baloch pro-freedom parties doesn’t need any guideline from Panjabi intellectuals. If these Panjabis really wants to support Baloch cause they must educate their youth, they must go to the universities, collages, and educational institutions in Panjab, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Islamabad to conduct conferences, workshops and public awareness campaigns, must show their solidarity with Baloch people and praise Baloch freedom movement from Panjab province.
Today if we watch Pakistani TV channels all paid pakistani anchor persons and intellectuals openly encouraging Pakistan army to kill all Baloch women, children and people who speaks for the independence of Balochistan.
At this scenario Tarek Fateh and other must contact its own people and make them understand to part from Pakistan army’s heinous crimes against humanity in #OccupiedBalochistan.
Someone must not be surprised that instead of educating Panjabi elite, public, Tarek Fateh is pushing himself towards the camp of pro-freedom parties individuals. We need support from international community but Panjabis always stabbed us from back. If they are really sincere to help Baloch then firstly they must educate their own people not be part in crimes in Balochistan and Pakistan China’s exploitation projects.
BBC URDU conducted a short questionnaire by asking simply the name of cities of Balochistan from top university students of Panjab province. Interestingly none of higher level graduate students know anything about Balochistan, their lecturers were also nil about Balochistan. Tarek Fateh must be worried about the poor quality of information of Panjab youth and educated elite. Baloch nation knows their enemy (Pakistan army) and their destination (Freedom of Balochistan) for which they have been struggling since day one. Panjabis themselves need to be educated because charity begins from home.
A family members or people from one community have the responsibility to educate their own circles. Baloch have to educate their own people, Pashtuns have the duty to create awareness among their own people regarding their issues, Sindhis have to spread awareness among Sindhis and Panjabis must work to educate Panjabis that Balochistan is at war and they must not be part of Pakistan army’s terrorism.
One of my friend asked a question that are Indians and Baloch people that much unable to represent their people’s aspirations and cause on international forums that a panjabi Tarek Fateh is trying to represent them on Media and other forums? Who has given him the authority to distribute certificates of patriotism and traitors?
I replied which i am sure would be answer of every Baloch that he has no right to represent Baloch cause, he is a Panjabi origin and must limit himself as a supporter not a policy maker or representative of Balochistan liberation struggle.Few years ago none knows about Tareh Fateh but now he is introducing himself as an anti-Pakistan to get citizenship of India. His prime objective is to create hatred in India on religious bases, he is given the task to divide Baloch and Indian society. To influence his audience and public he is trying to make himself a celebrity by hosting TV shows in India.
We request our Indian, Pashtun and Sindhi friends that they must join hands and should not let Panjabi outsiders. If Tarek Fateh is really serious supporting Baloch he must organize a rally in Islamabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi in favor of #FreeBalochistan#FreePashtunistan#FreeSindhudeshby chanting the slogans of #PakistanArmyQuitBalochistan. #ISIStopTerrroismInBalochistan etc. And if Tarek Fateh can’t stage a rally in Panjab then he has no right to create misunderstanding in Baloch freedom camps and must keep himself away creating disharmony in Indian society by hosting TV shows like “Fateh Ka Fatwa
News ID: 1437767 Service: Society/Culture
June, 16, 2017 - 11:23
TEHRAN (Tasnim) – The Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) forces attacked a group of terrorists in Iran’s southeastern province of Sistan and Balouchestan, killing a number of Takfiri militants and confiscating a large amount of explosives and ammunition.
The IRGC Quds Base, operating in Iran’s southeastern regions, said an armed clash between the security forces and Takfiri terrorists began near Qasr-e Qand county at midday Thursday.
A number of terrorists were killed and wounded, while some others escaped, the IRGC added in a statement, saying forces from the Intelligence Ministry and the Police were also engaged in the operation.
According to the statement, the security forces have destroyed an explosive-laden device with 600 kilograms of explosives, and have confiscated five bombs improvised for suicide attacks, more than 700 kg of explosive materials, tens of thousands of cartridges, and a number of weapons.
A manhunt for the arrest of the fugitive terrorists is going on, it added.
In a separate operation in the same province on Wednesday, the security forces detained five members of a terrorist cell and killed two others in Chabahar, south of Sistan and Balouchestan.
The arrests were part of anti-terror operations across the country after terrorists launched simultaneous attacks on Iran’s parliament building in downtown Tehran and on the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini, south of the city, on June 7, in which 17 people were killed and more than 40 others were wounded.
Recently, Shah Meer Baloch wrote, what seemed a politically influenced article for the Diplomat. It starts with an intuitive statement; which is merely a narrative of a group in population across Baluchistan and not even properly substantiated. Author portray as if the district or entire provincial population is affected by the 28th May 1998 Chagai nuclear tests’ radiation release. Then how ironic is that Pakistan and China are building there most expensive infrastructure project, CPEC, in a radiation rich region.
After reading the article the first thing that comes into your mind is that Kulbhushan and Indian backed terrorist groups were wearing gas masks, during planning and executing their sabotage plots in the Baluchistan. Factually, there is no radiation exposure in the area; neither in Chagai nor in nearby areas.
Without representing facts, he claimed that the locals of Baluchistan still suffer because of the nuclear explosions the Pakistani government set off in the Ras Koh Mountains 19 years ago. Ras Koh is an entirely uninhabited area and situated in Chagai District, where western NGOs are effusively active.
Notwithstanding, nobody ever file a genuine objection that locals are being effected by radiation fallout of nuclear testing in 1998.
The author made claims of Baloch resistance to nuclear testing by deliberating the incident of hijacking of PIA Flight 554 by Indian backed terrorists in on May 24, 1998. What make us wonder is that, author developed his argument by asserting that Pakistan should accept that Indian backed militants demanded not to detonate nuclear weapons. Why were those so-called Baloch were Indian terrorists? Because the hijackers forced the pilot to enter India from anywhere, while the pilot was given the permission from the Indian Government.
It is very important to discuss here that underground testing is much safer than aboveground testing and with underground testing, it is easy to contain the radiation. In Pakistani case, it was not done in haste though in response to India’s own 12 May tests. The selection of site, deep digging of the hills, preparations for detonation, etc had been made long before 1984. Besides, all kind of collateral damage, aftershocks, effects and causes had already been evaluated and calculated.
The PAEC team comprising Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, Member (Technical) and Dr. Ahsan Mubarak started the operational reconnaissance of some areas in Balochistan in 1976. Over a span of three days, the PAEC scientists made several reconnaissance tours of the area between Turbat, Awaran and Khusdar in the south and Naukundi-Kharan in the east.
After a hectic and careful search, they found a mountain which matched their specifications. This was a 185-metre high granite mountain in the Ras Koh Hills in the Chagai Division of Balochistan which at their highest point rise to a height of 3,009 metres. Ras Koh Hills are independent of and should not be confused with the Chagai Hills further north on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, in which, to date, no nuclear test activity has taken place.
The PAEC requirement was that the mountain should be “bone dry” and capable of withstanding a 20 kiloton nuclear explosion from the inside. Tests were conducted to measure the water content of the mountains and the surrounding area and to measure the capability of the mountain’s rock to withstand a nuclear test. Once this was confirmed, Dr. Ishfaq Ahmed commenced work on a three-dimensional survey of the area. After this completely extensive and hectic survey, Pakistani government commenced the work on tunnel buildup and rescue plans were prepared in advance.
The rescue plans are said to be still ready but the detonations of 1998 were so sophisticated like that of the highly upgraded technology Pakistan used that not a single individual of the population got affected. Shah Meer should have taken some radiation readings from a simple device like “Geiger-Counter” before publishing the article. Rather than publishing fake stories, regarding Pakistan’s nuclear testing, “The Diplomat” must take into account the aggravated fears of the villages in the vicinity of the Pokhran test range, which have long fallen out of the international spotlight.
*Anaya Shahid graduated from Defence & Diplomatic Studies, Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi
ANI | Geneva [Switzerland] Jun 17, 2017 06:30 PM IST
Baloch activist Munir Mengal has said that Pakistan has made Balochistan a "hell on Earth".
Speaking during the ongoing 35th session of the Human Rights Council here, Mengal said that despite Pakistan's lofty rhetoric of promoting and protecting human rights of its citizens, "the degree and the extent of suffering and repression experienced by the Baloch people under the brutal control of the Islamic state is equivalent to being as a hell on Earth".
He alleged that all opinions and viewpoints in Balochistan that contradict Pakistan's position on any issue are considered as "subversive" and any information which directly or indirectly concerns the governance, policies and activities of Pakistan are viewed as "state secret".
Mengal noted that Balochistan remained closed for much of 2016 and 2017 amid heavy military operations.
"Fear, intimidation and repression have become constant elements in the Baloch peoples' lives," said the Baloch activist.
He added that Pakistan has imposed virtual martial law in Balochistan.
"Pakistani authorities have poured in massive deployment of armed security personnel into Balochistan and stepped up vigilance and surveillance over the Baloch diaspora as well," said Mengal.
The Baloch activist further added, "In September 2012, a delegation of the UN body Working Group on Enforced disappearance visited Quetta, the capital city of Balochistan, and met with the family members of the disappeared persons. The delegation was given a 'highly controlled and censored tour' and many of the group's questions remained unanswered. But, till date the family members are looking for their loved ones."
"The security measures on the name of CPEC are viewed as a call on the government, military, police and to the ruling Punjabi in all areas to firmly crush the political demands of the Baloch people particularly defeat the voices asking to regain their sovereignty on their land and had waged war on people to maintain stability in the region," he added
By AFP | Jun 17, 2017, 06.48 PM IST
However the IMF warned in a report on Friday that macroeconomic stability gains have started to erode and could pose risks to the economic outlook.
ISLAMABAD:The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said the outlook for Pakistan'seconomy was "favourable", citing Chineseinfrastructure investments among reasons for growth, but warned of risks to recent progress.
Confidence in insurgency-hit Pakistan is growing, with the IMF saying last year that the country had emerged from crisis and stabilised its economy after completing a bailout programme.
However the IMF warned in a report on Friday that macroeconomic stability gains have started to erode and could pose risks to the economic outlook.
"Pakistan's outlook for economic growth is favourable, with real GDP estimated at 5.3 percent in ... 2016/17 and strengthening to 6 percent over the medium term on the back of stepped-up China Pakistan Economic Corridor investments, improved availability of energy, and growth-supporting structural reforms," the report said.
"However, macroeconomic stability gains .have begun to erode and could pose risks to the economic outlook," it added.
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif vowed to boost the long-depressed economy after winning a third term in 2013.
Encouraged -- and undeterred by domestic debt of $182 billion -- Islamabad set an ambitious yearly growth target of 5.7 percent for 2016/2017. The World Bank predicted 5.4 percent growth by 2018.
Hopes are pinned on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a $46 billion initiative by Beijing that aims to link the Asian superpower's Xinjiang region with the Arabian Sea through Pakistan.
The plan encompasses a series of infrastructure, power and transport upgrades that Islamabad hopes will kickstart the economy.
But experts say the deal is opaque, and much more transparency is needed before they can assess any impact for Pakistan -- including, for example, whether the $46 billion is an investment or a loan.
According to Friday's IMF report, Pakistan's current account deficit has widened and is expected at 3 percent of GDP in 2016-17 or mor than $9 billion, driven by fast rising imports of capital goods and energy.
It said Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves have declined in the context of a stable rupee-dollar exchange rate, urging Islamabad to allow greater exchange rate flexibility.
Over the last two weeks, official foreign currency reserves decreased by more than $1.5 billion
Saturday Jun 17, 2017
ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Economy Watch President, Dr Murtaza Mughal has said that China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) was a fate changer for the people of Pakistan.
Talking to Radio Pakistan, he said that the investment of $46 billion under CPEC had increased up to $56 billion now.
According to Dr Mughal $35 billion will be invested on energy projects and remaining on infrastructure improvement.
He said this would help overcoming Pakistan's energy crisis.
The head of Pakistani Economy Watch mentioned that CPEC would create more than 700,000 new jobs in Pakistan.
The exports of the country would also increase which would lead to prosperity, he added.
Under CPEC, special economic and industrial zones would be established in provinces and under the control of centre in Pakistan, he said.
Economic expert Dr Gulfaraz Ahmed also said that the government had been focusing on building new energy projects under CPEC.
He said that the distribution of energy was another challenging issue for Pakistan.
It was required to improve the efficiency, decrease losses and modernize the process of distribution of energy, he added.
Dr Gulfraz further said Asian Development Bank's loan for this purpose would be very useful, adding it would improve the country's distribution system of energy.
What is Paris? ... Where nobody throws stones, for all live in glass houses. Also Remember: People who live in glass houses can see you masturbating in their bushes.
Three Sardar Families ( Marri,Mengal, Bugti) are relatives by marriage, infact they are one family. The Baloch resistance movement is in the hands of these families, however no one question their extended family members , brothers, cousins, relatives are also in Pakistani Government sharing power.
These families have their own grudge against Hazar Khan Marri and his family. Sardar stooges often show pictures of Hazar Khan with Nawaz Shariff on social media and try to prove they are Basra pearls washed in milk.
Below are few pictures which show how Sardar family members cozy up with Pakistani Politicians and take part in Government activities. If anyone raise this , a standard answer comes form them is , "we disown them". However the same logic don't work for others. This is the irony of Sardars.
In the past 12 years ever since Martyrdom of Akbar Bugti, these three Sardar Families are spearheading the resistance movement, denying any space to middle class educated leaders to form their group. They loath , feel jealous ,accuse them as ISI agents and start mudslinging on social media. Unless the sponsors of this cartel realize that emerging leaders and particularly middle class educated leaders are given Support, there is no hope for Baloch Movement.
FirstPost report is evident that these Sardars have squandered the resources to feather their nest and did little. The report is just tip of an iceberg.( http://www.firstpost.com/india/emerging-balochistan-leaders-need-indias-backing-modi-govt-must-review-policy-3205732.html)
It is time to change horses or add new.
WASHINGTON: US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, while describing the aspersions of a congressman about Pakistan’s alleged links to terrorism as ‘well-founded’, has announced an inter-agency review of US funding and support to Pakistan.
The remarks — at a budget hearing of the House Foreign Affairs Committee this week — give a rare insight into the Trump administration’s views on Pakistan. Although in power for the last six months, the administration has been unusually silent on US-Pakistan relations.
Secretary Tillerson’s declaration and comments by some lawmakers — both included in a transcript released on Thursday — led the media to speculate that the review may cause further reduction in already dwindling US aid to Pakistan.
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