Monday, June 5, 2017

It’s Not China, It’s You, India Seems to Tell Spurned Aussies

By Root on June 6, 2017

China’s growing assertiveness and economic heft across Asia, combined with a newly reticent United States, is making countries in the region wonder if and when they’ll have to choose sides between Washington and Beijing.

That’s exactly what appeared to happen last week, after India rejected Australia’s request to send warships to participate in big naval exercises in the Bay of Bengal. News reports painted the rejection as a way for India to appease China, or at least avoid needlessly provoking Beijing.

But former naval officers and analysts say the rejection more likely reflects New Delhi’s worries that Australia may not be an entirely reliable security partner.

“When it comes to formulation of a collective response to China, including in terms of ‘moderating’ Beijing’s assertive behavior, Australia does not particularly inspire confidence,” Indian Capt. Gurpreet Khurana, who also directs the National Maritime Foundation in New Delhi, told Foreign Policy.

That’s because the United States, India, Japan, and Australia have tried this before — only to see Australia walk away from four-way military exercises. In 2007, India, the United States, Japan, and Australia held naval exercises, along with Singapore. But China objected strongly, lodging diplomatic protests to each of the four main participants, as one goal of the quad was clearly a response to China’s own expanding maritime interests.

After Kevin Rudd became Australian Prime Minister, he held several meetings with Chinese officials, and in February 2008 Australia withdrew from the quad in a joint press conference with the Chinese foreign minister.

“New Delhi hasn’t forgotten Canberra’s hasty capitulation a decade ago,” said Nitin A. Gokhale, a New Delhi-based national security analyst, in an email to FP. “Moreover, the foreign policy establishment is aware of the deep economic and political relations that Australia and China have.”

Canberra has at times adopted a conciliatory approach to China, its largest trading partner. It has declined to participate in U.S.-led freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea to push back against China’s expansive claims of sovereignty there, though Australia hasparticipated in multilateral naval war games there. And, as demonstrated in the short-lived quadrilateral exercises of 2007, a change in government can easily usher in an about-face in its policy towards Beijing.

But today, Australian security experts say, Canberra is eager to help make sure that one country doesn’t come to dominate the Asia-Pacific region. “Australia is quietly seeking to build and support informal coalitions to balance Chinese power,” said Rory Medcalf, head of the National Security College at the Australian National University.

He said any Indian doubts about Australia being willing and able to help bolster regional stability are misplaced.

“Any such Indian concerns misread the depth of Australian security planners’ determination to build a multipolar regional order. India may also not yet fully appreciate the extent of Australia’s capabilities as a maritime power,” Medcalf said.

For decades, India and China have had a tense relationship, thanks to a disputed border which led to a war in 1962. China’s increasingly tight economic and defense relationship with Pakistan — including the China Pakistan Economic Corridor — doesn’t ease those tensions.

And they are spreading to the seas as well, as China has expanded its naval ambitions beyond just the South China Sea to include the wider Indian Ocean region. Beijing is building port facilities that can be used for commercial and military purposes from Sri Lanka to the Horn of Africa, and just established its first overseas military base in Djibouti. China has sent submarines into the Indian Ocean on at least six occasions since 2013, including several nuclear submarine deployments that can’t really be explained by China’s ongoing anti-piracy patrols.

That has made Indian naval planners wary of being encircled — and emboldened Prime Minister Narendra Modi to push back against Beijing.

“I don’t believe the hesitation on [Australia joining the exercises] is primarily at this point driven by concerns about provoking China,” said Tanvi Madan, director of the India Project at Brookings, in an interview with FP. “[Modi’s] government, if anything, domestically has been criticized for taking too many provocative steps towards China.”

After more than twenty years of bilateral naval drills between the United States and India in the Bay of Bengal, Japan joined in 2014, just as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe looked to expand the country’s traditionally pacifist defensive forces into a more active regional role.

But that trilateral group has yet to expand to include Australia, even though Aussies have sought to join for two years. Rather, New Delhi and Canberra are taking steps to firm up their own bilateral cooperation first. In September 2015, India and Australia held bilateral naval exercises, known as AUSINDEX, in the Bay of Bengal, focusing on anti-submarine warfare with a P-3 anti-submarine reconnaissance plane from Australia and a P-8 long-range anti-sub aircraft from India, along with naval vessels.

Retired Vice Admiral Anup Singh, who led the Indian Navy’s Eastern Command until 2011, highlighted that India’s current approach to Australia’s participation isn’t a full-stop rejection, but rather more of a wait-and-see approach.

The Indian side has told the Aussies that we have to go through the bilateral [exercises] first,” Singh told FP in an email. Other experts agree.

“In my view, they wanted to wait for at least one more edition of Australia-India bilateral naval exercise to go through before firming up their opinion about Australia’s long-term intentions and capacity to stay the course,” said Gokhale.


Finlandization : Phillipine bowing to China

Carpio warns PH vs bowing to China


Philippine Daily Inquirer / 12:09 AM June 06, 2017

Antonio Carpio            EDWIN BACASMAS

The Philippines could see its own “Finlandization” if it does not assert its sovereignty and stand up to China in the territorial dispute in the South China Sea, Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio warned on Monday.

“Unless we do something, we will be like Finland, a nominally independent country. We will have our own political system but when it comes to foreign affairs, we follow the foreign policies of China. That is what Finlandization means,” Carpio said at the Meet Inquirer Multimedia forum.

Finlandization” is the neutralization of a small and vulnerable country in foreign policy to avoid being taken over by a bigger and more powerful neighbor.

READ: IN THE KNOW: Finlandization

The term was coined during the Cold War when the Soviet Union rendered Finland, which shares a long border with the communist giant, neutral to enable the smaller country to remain sovereign even just in name.

“[Finland] has been occupied by Russia before. To remain sovereign and independent, it has to be neutral, it has to follow Russia’s foreign policies,” Carpio said.

Carpio said that with China claiming 80 percent of the South China Sea, it would share a 1,700-kilometer-long boundary with the Philippines, leaving only a “tiny sliver of water” in Manila’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) separating the two countries.

He raised the possibility that China would build up Panatag Shoal (internationally known as Scarborough Shoal) soon, which is why the Duterte administration must assert the Philippines’ victory in the UN-backed Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, which last year invalidated China’s claim to almost all of the South China Sea and declared Beijing had violated Manila’s right to fish and explore resources in waters within its 370-kilometer EEZ.

Carpio stressed the arbitral court’s ruling was not a paper victory for the Philippines.

“It’s about time to bring it up now because time is of the essence … The coast is clear. It can happen anytime,” he said, referring to the possibility of China transforming Panatag Shoal into an artificial island and topping it with military facilities.

Once this happens, the Philippines can no longer take back Panatag, Carpio stressed.


Panatag Shoal is a resource-rich fishing ground 230 km west of Zambales province, well within the Philippine EEZ.

China seized Panatag Shoal from the Philippines after a two-month maritime standoff in 2012, prompting Manila to take its territorial dispute with Beijing to the international arbitral court in The Hague.

Beijing refused to take part in the arbitration and rejected the ruling, handed down on July 12 last year, insisting it had “undisputed sovereignty” in the South China Sea.

Last piece of puzzle

Also known as Bajo de Masinloc, Panatag Shoal is the “last piece in the jigsaw puzzle for China to control the South China Sea,” where it has developed disputed reefs into artificial islands with air and naval defense systems, Carpio said.

President Duterte practically green-lighted China’s reclamation of Panatag Shoal when he recently said he could not do anything to stop China, Carpio said.

He added that the United States under President Donald Trump was unlikely to stop China, as it was looking at Beijing for help in reining in North Korea.

Carpio recalled that in March 2016, Chinese dredgers were monitored to be on their way to Panatag Shoal but then US President Barack Obama warned Chinese President Xi Jinping to back off.

Control of the South China Sea would give China not only economic control, but also greater military power in the region.

Security specialists in Asia have long expressed concern over China’s objective to form an expansive maritime defensive perimeter straddling Asian waters and stretching to the Pacific Ocean, using its island-chain defense strategy.

If China succeeds in completing its first island chain in the South China Sea, it will proceed to build a second island chain in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

The Philippines and Japan are in the way of the Chinese defense strategy.

Japan sits above the first and second island chains, while the Philippines lies between the two chains.

“The feeling of being hemmed in, sandwiched, would be our feeling if China goes to the second island chain. If you rise economically, you will also rise militarily in power and gain more strategic advantage over your neighbors,” Carpio said.

Anchors of national policy

He said any Philippine leader must follow the “three anchors of national policy” in resolving the South China Sea dispute.

A Philippine leader must be someone who can be friendly and trade with China, but remain steadfast in defending the country’s territory and maritime entitlements, Carpio said.

The leader must also nurture the Philippines’ military alliance with the United States, he added.

Carpio emphasized that the Philippines must continue its engagement with the United States because the Mutual Defense Treaty keeps China’s aggression in the South China Sea in check.

He said he would give Mr. Duterte an “A++” in his friendliness to China, but added that the President had yet to prove himself as a staunch defender of Philippine territories and maritime entitlements.

Carpio recently earned the ire of President Duterte for urging the government to enforce the Hague court’s ruling.

“If I am called names, that is OK with me because I want to discuss this on [its] merits,” he said.

He emphasized that it was “the civic duty of every Filipino to defend our territory, defend our maritime entitlements in accordance with international law and our Constitution

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China’s Belt and Road Initiative: rearranging global shipping?

in International Shipping News06/06/2017

Interest in China’s Belt and Road Initiative, now the preferred name for the One Belt, One Road scheme introduced by President Xi Jinping over three years ago, has intensified. An international gathering in Beijing last month sharpened the focus. This grand concept has two components, both of which are potentially of great significance for the global shipping industry.

The Silk Road Economic Belt of land routes, and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road of sea routes have been proposed as programmes to link China with Asian, Middle East, African and European countries more efficiently. While the Maritime Silk Road naturally seems of most direct interest for international shipping, the Belt also has huge implications for shipping activities. Infrastructure building or upgrading in numerous countries on these routes, facilitating trade movements and strengthening economic activity more broadly, is likely to prove influential.

Since its inception, the Belt and Road Initiative has often seemed rather vague, although individual projects discussed and arranged have provided some clarification. The rationale has been revealed, even if the precise motivations for China’s enthusiasm were open to varying interpretations. Reasons for pursuing the scheme apparently are complex. Potential benefits for international shipping, as commented in a recent editorial in Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide, are ‘still a bit hazy’, although positive expectations are widespread.

Additional attention to progress was attracted by the May 2017 Beijing forum focusing on the Initiative, attended by leaders from many countries. There were no momentous announcements, apart from China’s pledge to invest $124 billion. But fresh impetus for projects could be derived. A momentum boost may be needed: based on some measures, investment in the BRI declined last year.

What is being reshaped?

An overarching question has arisen: is the scheme reshaping global trade? The answer probably depends on what is meant by reshaping. Volumes and patterns of trade affected, and also the timescale of changes, are relevant aspects.

Reshaping, in this context, can be assumed to mean large changes or prospective changes in geographical patterns of international trade and in trade volumes moving. Given the prominence of some individual projects within the Belt and Road Initiative framework, and the increasing frequency of news items about current and future projects, it could be concluded that a reshaping is indeed happening. But is that conclusion realistic and accurate?

It is abundantly clear that a number of new international trade routes are being opened up, while others are being improved and upgraded. These are having an impact on both the Belt and the Road portions. The changes are significant and may become much more so over the years ahead. However, it can be argued that evidence for labelling this process as a ‘reshaping’ of global trade is not, or at least not yet, entirely convincing.

An alternative characterisation might be suggested. One of the most prominent aspects of the Belt and Road Initiative is a change (possibly a reshaping) in the pattern of global ownership and control of infrastructure which facilitates trade movements. Investment or management, or both, by Chinese companies is typically a defining element of projects, often involving Chinese construction and equipment

Infrastructure ownership and control by China is not always complete, but greater influence provides benefits and enhances the security of imports into and exports from China. This aspect is certainly changing the dynamics of global trade patterns and trends.

Broad implications for sea trade

The Chinese authorities often emphasise what they regard as the Initiative’s altruistic nature. Its most visible manifestation is promoting activities strengthening international commercial trade, which are frequently described as ‘win-win’ ventures. All participants are expected to benefit from this project.

Nevertheless, the underlying rationale for the Belt and Road Initiative is heavily focused on China’s imports and exports, although other international trades may be affected indirectly. Most emphasis is on the Belt portion, overland routes and connections. Some are accompanied by port projects, which are considered part of the Maritime Silk Road.

Closer examination of the Initiative’s, and in particular the Maritime Silk Road’s, evolving impact on global seaborne trade highlights one feature in particular. Many principal sea trade flows to and from China, as well as elsewhere, on high volume routes, seem likely to be unaffected or only slightly affected by BRI developments.

Examples of the largest volume trades, where a nil or minimal direct impact from Belt and Road projects is currently envisaged, are listed below. Over a longer period there could be a larger impact, indirectly, as economic activity in some importing countries strengthens.

Dry bulk sector Iron ore exports from Australia, Brazil, South Africa, Canada; coal exports from Australia, Indonesia, Russia, Colombia, South Africa, USA; grain/soya exports from USA, Canada, Australia, Black Sea, Brazil, Argentina; and many minor bulk commodity movements.Tanker sector Oil and gas movements from Middle East, West Africa, Caribbean. In some sea trades where partial transport by pipeline begins or increases as a result of new or expanded pipeline capacity, total transport cost could rise because of transhipment.

Sea trade impacts: pluses and minuses

Despite a large proportion of global seaborne trade probably seeing little or no impact from the Belt and Road Initiative, numerous positive effects are foreseeable elsewhere. Various projects could strengthen seaborne trade volumes, which determine demand for shipping capacity. By contrast, several actual or potential negative changes have become prominent:

Container sector An expanding overland route between China and Europe has already attracted movements of high value, time-sensitive goods which previously would have been transported by sea.Gas sector Moving more gas through new or higher capacity gas pipelines to China acts as a restraint on sea trade. Pipelines which carry gas which could have been shipped as LNG (liquefied natural gas) by tanker, such as the Myanmar/Chongqing gas link, or shorten sea distances, are detrimental.Tanker sector Some crude oil suppliers exporting to China are introducing new or increased capacity pipelines. The volumes moved potentially replace seaborne cargoes. Other pipelines, such as Kyaukphyu, Myanmar to Chongqing, shorten the sea distance from several supply sources.

These developments show that pipelines and associated port infrastructure resulting from Belt and Road Initiative projects could restrict or possibly even prevent seaborne trade growth in related trades. But it appears unlikely that substitution or curtailment of sea movements will have more than a modest overall impact on the global seaborne trade pattern.

Looking at the positive effects foreseeable, these can be divided into direct and indirect influences. Both types of influence could increase raw materials or semi-finished and finished products quantities moving by sea, on a range of routes.

Perhaps most obviously, infrastructure building on an extensive scale will require increased volumes of construction materials. Transport infrastructure involves new or upgraded roads, railways, pipelines and ports; distribution centres and industrial parks are also part of the vision. Additional bridges and tunnels, harbour breakwaters, quays and cranes, plus warehousing will be required. Together with power stations and electricity grids, and water control installations such as dams, developments are envisaged across a swath of Asian and Middle East territory.

Large volumes of construction project material such as steel products, cement and heavy machinery and equipment probably will be supplied by sea from China, as well as from other sources. When these items are, in turn, produced wholly or partly in China from imported raw materials, a second support for global dry bulk trade arises. Moreover, if new coal-fired power stations are built in some countries under the Belt and Road Initiative to boost electricity supplies, additional seaborne steam coal imports could result.

These direct impacts could be accompanied by an indirect boost. Improvements in connectivity through enhanced transport infrastructure, linking manufacturing industry or agriculture to global markets, could strengthen many countries’ economic growth. A more rapidly developing economy usually boosts trade, with favourable implications in particular for container movements and bulk commodity as well. More prosperity generally implies more sea trade.

How positive the seaborne trade trend contribution proves depends greatly on the nature and magnitude (number and size) of projects, and the development work timescale. If all projects together are of relatively modest magnitude, and development work is extended over long periods, short term advantages for cargo movement volumes by sea may not be a notable feature. But cumulative longer term benefits may still be significant.

Infrastructure building in Asian countries: how much is needed?

Potential for future infrastructure building in Asia was highlighted in a report published in February 2017 by the Asian Development Bank. Depending on assumptions adopted, the ADB estimates that Asian countries need to invest between $22,600 billion and $26,200 billion during the period of fifteen years from 2016 to 2030. These totals imply an average $1500bn to $1700bn annual spending on infrastructure. Currently the region is investing an estimated $881bn annually, so a large increase is recommended.

Most of this projected spending represents physical infrastructure in four categories: (a) transport – roads, railways, ports and airports; (b) electrical power – generation, transmission, distribution; (c) telecommunications; (d) water supply and sanitation. The lower end of the range of estimates reflects expenditure which excludes climate change mitigation and adaptation costs, while at the higher end, this item is included. Power and transport are the two sectors with the largest spending requirements, comprising 52 percent and 35 percent of the total respectively based on the range’s lower end.

The ADB’s analysis, although not specifically related to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, supports the argument that there is scope for additional spending on fixed assets. These extra assets can further enhance a country’s stock of capital. ADB analysts state that ‘the region’s infrastructure has improved rapidly, but remains far from adequate’. More and better transport, power supplies and other basic necessities could assist improved economic progress, enabling sustained rapid economic growth to be achieved across the region.

Maritime Silk Road shipping and ports

The shipping services involved have not received much attention. At first glance, this lack of focus on a vital aspect might seem surprising. There is a simple explanation. Sea transportation services provided by the global shipping community, of which Chinese shipowners are a major part, are already supplying adequate capacity for the Maritime Silk Road routes.

Looking ahead, transport capacity and capability is likely to remain sufficient. In many shipping sectors (container ships, bulk carriers, tankers and some specialised segments) global over-supply is a characteristic, and in several markets has been so for some time. Many more new ships are under construction or on order, and there is currently no suggestion that shortages will emerge. Consequently, extra shipping capacity specifically designed for Maritime Silk Road developments has not yet been seen as essential.

For China, involvement in shipping services on the Maritime Silk Road appears destined to expand over the years ahead. Shipowners based in China control one of the world’s largest merchant ship fleets, which has been growing rapidly in recent years. These shipowners currently have the largest national volume of new ships on order, implying further strong fleet expansion. Although this feature is only an indicator of China’s future participation in specific trades, it reinforces a general impression pointing to sufficient transport availability continuing.

According to a recent UNCTAD report, internationally the Belt and Road Initiative ‘may help reduce transport costs, increase trade flows and open new markets to all involved countries’. The report adds that the Initiative’s success, from a transport sector perspective ‘rests heavily on optimization of the transport infrastructure and services, including shipping and logistics, required to support connectivity in China and beyond’.

Within the Maritime Silk Road framework, port projects are the prominent element. In particular, several Asian countries – Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Malaysia – have been at the forefront. At the other end of the Road, Greece has been a notable feature. Developments are under way or under discussion also in Indonesia, Vietnam and at the western end, Georgia while the feasibility of a new canal across the Kra Isthmus in Thailand is being investigated.

Implied naval benefits?

Another aspect of the Belt and Road Initiative is relevant to freedom of commercial trade and free passage of ships in international waters. Are China’s foreign port investments at least partly motivated by possible military (naval) usage, if there is a crisis? One research study saw this outcome as implausible, arguing that China is not building naval port installations, only commercial facilities.

Yet the ‘string of pearls’ concept, which can be interpreted as having ominous overtones, is a cause of anxiety in some Asian countries, especially in India. This colourful name denotes a network of ports, which could be used by China to protect sea lanes along which a high proportion of its seaborne import and export trade is carried. Crucial sea lanes are the Straits of Malacca and Hormuz.

Some of the ports in this category, it is suggested, could become strategic bases for the Chinese navy as well as their prime commercial function. One contention is that formal naval bases are not so necessary if there is naval access at commercial facilities. Other observers argue that ideas of military usage are unconvincing.

Concluding imponderables

Among Belt and Road Initiative ramifications, some downsides for the global shipping markets have become visible. One prominent negative influence foreseeable is shorter loaded voyage distances in a number of major cargo trade movements. These reductions could have an adverse impact on vessel tonne-mile employment, resulting in a weakening of requirements for sea transport services.

But such modifications seem likely to be more than offset by changes having a beneficial influence on demand for shipping capacity. In particular, additional trade volumes as a direct or indirect consequence of projects stimulated by the Belt and Road scheme could provide a boost. Large quantities of semi-finished of finished products related to construction activity probably will be needed, imported from China or other producers. These, in turn, could strengthen long-haul raw materials movements.

In countries where infrastructure is expanded and improved, economic growth could be enhanced. The mainly emerging market economies benefiting in Asia, the Middle East and elsewhere could see higher seaborne trade volumes – imports, exports or both. But the impact will vary widely, depending on an individual country’s specific circumstances. For this reason much more detailed analysis is required to determine the full extent of likely changes and, even then, uncertainties of project magnitude and timing render forecasting a hazardous exercise.

Source: Article by Richard Scott, associate, China Centre (Maritime), Solent University and managing director, Bulk Shipping Analysis

China Demands James Mattis Stop ‘Irresponsible’ Remarks About South China Sea

AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite

by FRANCES MARTEL5 Jun 201744

The Chinese Foreign Ministry has expressed its “firm opposition” to “irresponsible remarks” by Secretary of Defense James Mattis, who demanded at a security conference in Singapore this weekend that China cease its mission to colonize the entire South China Sea.

Mattis called upon China to stop “militarizing artificial islands and enforcing excessive maritime claims.” China claims most of the South China Sea, disregarding the territorial sovereignty of Vietnam, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, and Taiwan. The Chinese government has invested heavily in building artificial islands in the region in the past decade, equipping them with military surveillance units, surface-to-air missiles, and other weapons.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying published a response to Mattis’s statements on the Ministry’s website, which did not mention Mattis or the United States but made clear that America was its target.

“The Chinese side has noted their irresponsible remarks and hereby expresses strong dissatisfaction and firm opposition. I want to highlight a few points,” the statement begins, continuing:


First, China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters. … China builds relevant facilities on islands and reefs of the Nansha Islands for the purpose of improving the working and living conditions for people stationed there, better defending its sovereignty and performing China’s international obligations and responsibilities.

“It is totally within China’s sovereignty to deploy necessary defense facilities on its own territory,” Hua continued. “It is exercising the self-preservation and self-defense rights that a sovereign state is entitled to, and has nothing to do with ‘militarization.'”

The statement goes on to claim that relations between China and the affected countries “has calmed down and turned positive,” and only “certain countries outside the region” object to China’s claims in the region. “The Chinese side is firmly opposed to that and urges relevant parties to stop their irresponsible remarks, fully respect regional countries’ efforts to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea and play a constructive role to that end,” Hua demands.

The statement concludes mentioning the territorial dispute between China and Japan over the East China Sea’s Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands and its refusal to acknowledge the sovereignty of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

The “Nansha” (Spratly) Islands inhabit a part of the South China Sea claimed by the Philippines and Vietnam. The Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague ruled last year that China has no legitimate territorial claims to them; China called Japan and the United States, who were not parties in the case, “eunuchs” and refused to abide by the decision.

The statement from Beijing follows remarks Mattis made in Singapore this weekend while attending the Shangri-La Dialogue, a regional security conference. “We oppose countries militarizing artificial islands and enforcing excessive maritime claims unsupported by international law. We cannot and will not accept unilateral coercive changes to the status quo,” Mattis told reporters. “We will ensure we have the military means to keep the peace. But we will not use our allies and partners or our relationships with them, or the capability integral to their security as bargaining chips.”

Following Mattis’s remarks, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson reaffirmed America’s commitment to limiting China’s encroachment into the sovereign territory of other countries in the region. “We oppose China’s artificial island construction and their militarisation that features in international waters,” Tillerson said during an Australia-U.S. security summit. “China is a significant economic and trading power, and we desire productive relationships, but we cannot allow China to use its economic power to buy its way out of other problems, whether it’s militarizing islands in the South China Sea or a failure to put appropriate pressure on North Korea.”

The Dragon In The Indian Ocean Is Shaping Local Geopolitics; Does India Have A Counter?

Harsh V Pant

- Jun 05, 2017, 2:47 pm


The challenge emerging from China’s naval rise means that India needs to find ways to mitigate that threat with some urgency.

After commissioning its first aircraft carrier, a refitted Soviet-era vessel called the Liaoning, in 2012, the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) launched its second aircraft carrier, the Shandong or CV-001A, last month. This first 70,000-tonne indigenously produced aircraft carrier of China is likely to be operational by 2020. The elaborate ceremony put on by the PLAN was to signal its arrival in the wider world as a serious naval power. And the world, of course, was watching, especially China’s neighbours who are already feeling the brunt of Chinese maritime expansionism.

There is nothing out of the ordinary in what China is doing. As a rising power, its military advancement is to be expected. Beijing wants to project power far beyond its shores, so a blue water navy is a prerequisite for Chinese ambitions. But it is entangled in maritime disputes all around its periphery from East to South China Sea. Chinese naval presence is growing in the Indian Ocean and the larger Pacific. Chinese President Xi Jinping has launched defence reforms which are taking away resources from land to air and naval power. And the Chinese defence ministry has been articulating the need for PLAN to gradually shift its focus from “offshore waters defence” to “open-seas protection.”

For far too long, most Western and regional observers continued to discount the possibility of China emerging as a serious naval power. China’s interests do not need PLAN to invest in aircraft carriers, they suggested. But Chinese interests turned out to be much the same as other maritime powers. In a short span, China will have two operational carriers with many more in the pipeline. Chinese experts openly point out the need for at least three aircraft carriers operating in East and South China Sea. PLAN is ramping up construction of nuclear-powered submarines, very significant for the short-to-medium term priorities of China. The country does lack trained manpower to build its submarines, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, amphibious ships, replenishment ships and light craft. But that too is being rectified with a single-minded purpose. China is constructing its first overseas military base in Djibouti, ostensibly to provide rest and rehabilitation for the Chinese troops taking part in escort missions in the Gulf of Aden and waters off Somalia. But its real purpose is to project Chinese naval power in the Horn of Africa. There is also the Gwadar port closer to India.

Aircraft carriers are symbols of power, a signal that PLAN has arrived as a force to be reckoned with. While directly taking on the United States is still some way off, the focus will likely remain on its immediate periphery. In South China Sea, for example, a carrier’s entry can have a major impact on regional deterrence. For regional powers, therefore, some serious challenges have emerged. Much as the PLAN has tried to counter the superiority of US Navy by focusing on anti-ship capabilities, especially submarines and anti-ship missiles, other regional powers will also have to think along similar lines to manage China’s growing naval prowess.

The PLAN, even with its growing might, remains far from a serious challenger to the formidable US Navy. But it is the regional powers which now have to seriously re-think their naval options. Of all the major regional powers, India faces some real dilemmas. It is not officially in alliance with any power and is still struggling with its military reforms. China’s challenge to Indian interests is growing by the day. At the global level, China is not inclined to see India’s rise and is scuttling it at every possible forum from the United Nations Security Council to the Nuclear Suppliers Group. At the regional level, Beijing is now taking a consistently pro-Pakistani position on issues ranging from terrorism, Afghanistan to Kashmir. Bilaterally, the border issue is getting trickier with China unilaterally renaming six places in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh in an apparent retaliation against the Dalai Lama’s visit to India’s easternmost state, in order to reaffirm Beijing’s “territorial sovereignty” of the region.

China’s naval presence has been growing in the Indian Ocean region (IOR). The PLAN submarines have been making regular forays in the IOR on the pretext of anti-piracy patrols since December 2013. China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative is aimed at gaining a higher profile in the IOR and to reduce India’s natural geographic advantages in the region. In the garb of protecting its trade and energy Sea Lines of Communications (SLOC), China is now building partnerships with countries around the Indian Ocean periphery. From Djibouti to Hambantota in Sri Lanka and Gwadar in Pakistan, new military facilities are being constructed to project Chinese naval power.

For New Delhi, this looks like strategic encirclement at a time when there are growing concerns about Chinese intentions. Not surprisingly, India is investing in ramping up its naval power. Unlike China, India has been operating an aircraft carrier since 1961, but delays and shoddy planning continue to mar Indian aspirations. India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, the 40,000-tonne INS Vikrant, was launched in 2013, but its commissioning has been delayed to 2020. And it will be another decade before the second indigenous carrier, the 65,000-tonne INS Vishal, will be up and running. As a result, the 44,570-tonne INS Vikramaditya will be the only one for India for the next few years.

Chinese official media took a swipe at Indian efforts recently when it argued that “New Delhi is perhaps too impatient to develop an aircraft carrier. The country is still in its initial stage of industrialisation, and there will be many technical obstacles that stand in the way of a build-up of aircraft carriers.”

“New Delhi should perhaps be less eager to speed up the process of building aircraft carriers in order to counter China’s growing sway in the Indian Ocean, and focus more on its economy,” it said.

India will have to focus more on anti-ship capabilities, especially submarines and anti-ship missiles. But beyond platforms, India is now actively engaged in the maritime domain with other like-minded countries in the region. Naval cooperation with countries like Japan, Australia, Vietnam and Indonesia is at the top of Indian defence diplomacy. Yet, without active participation from the US, the regional states lack the ability to manage China’s maritime ambitions. The Trump administration will have to think beyond North Korea in crafting a broader policy on the Indo-Pacific. Otherwise, China’s aircraft carrier display will just be one step towards a complete maritime dominance by Beijing.

The larger question that the Indian Navy needs to ask is whether it should really prioritise aircraft carriers over its other requirements. India, like China, wants to be a blue water navy and assert its primacy in the Indian Ocean. But the short-to-medium term challenge emerging from China’s potent rise means that India needs to find ways to mitigate that threat with some urgency. Waiting for a decade to get a carrier battle group up and running is perhaps not the most sensible of options

Japan Pushed World Leaders to Warn China Over Maritime Expansion

June 05, 2017 3:02 AM

Ralph Jennings

FILE - In this April 21, 2017, photo, an airstrip and buildings on China's man-made Subi Reef in the Spratly chain of islands in the South China Sea are seen from a Philippine Air Force C-130.


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On paper, all of the world’s seven richest nations warned last month against militarization of the contested South China Sea, where Beijing is building up small islets for combat aircraft and radar systems.

But analysts believe it was Japan that pushed the Group of Seven nations for the warning as it vies with China for political influence around Asia.

Japan is concerned

“I think in recent times Japan has been trying to make use of various regional and international forums to, for lack of a better word, publicize China’s military expansion and its associated activities,” said Collin Koh, maritime security research fellow at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. “So I think in this context using the G7 is a particularly timely platform.”

The G7, which includes Japan as well as the United States and several Western European countries, expressed “concern” about the East and South China Seas in a leadership communique from the May 26-27 event in Italy. The G7 is “strongly opposed to any unilateral actions that could increase tensions," it said, and "we urge all parties to pursue demilitarization of disputed features.”

China is engaged in militarization of the South China Sea

China, though not named in the statement, leads in militarization of the resource-packed, 3.5 million-square-kilometer South China Sea that runs from its southern coast to Borneo. Reclamation work estimated at 3,200 acres has expanded islets in the Paracel and Spratly chains to support naval and air force facilities.

Japan has a particular stake in the dispute. It does not claim the sea but vies with Beijing for alliances with Southeast Asian countries that do have claims.

Japan and China separately dispute a tract of the East China Sea, which lies east of Shanghai. Tokyo controls the disputed area and eight uninhabited islands. China passed ships near the islands on more than 30 days last year to assert its claims, in some cases prompting Japan to scramble planes.

China further resents Japan over what it sees as unsettled issues from its World War II-era occupation of Chinese territory.

Japan wants to be a player in the South China Sea

“The Japanese prime minister is very steadfast on the position that Japan needs to have a principled position in the South China Sea,” said Yun Sun, senior associate with the East Asia Program under Washington-based think tank the Stimson Center.

With the United States taking a low-key approach on the issue for now, she said, “I think Japan is probably the most concerned about what China is doing.”

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was “leading discussions” at the G7 meeting on “maritime security,” among other issues, the website of his country’s foreign ministry says.

“When China was mentioned in the discussions, Prime Minister Abe stated the importance of relations with China and also that the G7 should urge China to play a constructive role in the international community,” the ministry says.

US backing off for now

Japanese officials may be especially worried because U.S. President Donald Trump has sidelined the South China Sea issue since taking office in January, said Alexander Huang, strategic studies professor at Tamkang University in Taiwan.

Tokyo and Washington have historically worked together on checking China’s expansion, but Trump now wants China’s help containing North Korea and is considered unlikely to rile Beijing as they cooperate.

Japanese leaders have used forums under the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to issue "warnings" and senior-level meetings in Europe “to air those views and canvass for support for its cause,” Koh said.

China upset with G7 warning against militarization

China called the G7’s statement “irresponsible.” It probably resents the G7 for reviving the issue, Huang said.

“Basically the Chinese wanted this issue to just die down. So if G7 did not mention anything about the South China Sea, that would be the best case scenario for China,” Huang said. “I think China believes they are doing something about it, and it’s not necessary to bring about this issue at this moment.”

Since a world arbitration court in The Hague ruled last year that Beijing lacks a legal basis to its claim over about 95 percent of the South China Sea, the Communist government has sought talks with four Southeast Asian countries whose exclusive economic zones overlap waters that Beijing calls its own.

Specifically, it has offered development aid to the Philippines, discussed maritime cooperation with Vietnam and pumped money into Brunei and Malaysia. China and ASEAN agreed in May to a framework for a code of conduct that would eventually prevent mishaps in the sea.

Partly in response to China, committees in Japan’s ruling party have drafted a revision to the Self-Defense Forces Law to give the military more powers than just to be a self-defense force as established after World War II.

“We do see actually some signs of easing of tensions, but I think Japan wouldn’t want people to forget that while all these negotiations are taking place, the fact is that China has been continuing with the buildup,” Koh said.

The G7 leaders added in their statement they want a “peaceful settlement of maritime disputes through diplomatic and legal means, including arbitration

PTI in Balochistan

While the educated middle-class forms the rank and file of most political parties in Balochistan, traditional elites have historically had a disproportionate presence at the top leadership positions  

06-Jun-17by Rafiullah Kakar

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) recent gathering in Quetta city has generated a debate about the party’s prospects in Balochistan. Before assessing PTI’s chances, it is imperative to understand the contemporary political landscape in Balochistan.Three types of political parties populate political stage in the restive province: religious parties, state wide parties and ethno-nationalist parties.

The most influential religious party in Balochistan is the JUI-F. The party draws its support mainly from lower social classes and the non-professional middle class. The former category primarily includes a tiny but loyal group of students and teachers of madaris and primary school teachers in rural areas. These people constitute the “core group” of the party and are responsible for managing the party’s organizational affairs at local levels. The latter category refers to the more traditional and conservative segment of middle class ie small-scale merchants, landholders and agriculturists.

Ethno-nationalist parties have historically remained a key political player in Balochistan. Currently, the most popular ethno-nationalist parties are the National Party (NP), Balochistan National Party (BNP) and the Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP). Professional middle class including university students, doctors and teachers form the core support group of these parties, performing the vital functions of grass-roots organization, recruitment and mobilization. While educated middle class dominates the rank and file, traditional elites have historically had an over-proportionate presence at the top leadership positions. This especially holds true for ethnic parties in the Baloch region, where Sardari system is more deeply entrenched compared to the Pakhtun regions of Balochistan.

The case of statewide parties in Balochistan is a rather interesting one. Despite having ruled the province on multiple occasions, these parties, namely the PML-N, PPP, PML-Q, have negligible organisational presence at the grassroots level. They have rarely been able to cultivate ideational support among common masses or establish a core group of supporters. Instead, they have almost always relied on the evergreen tribal chieftains who tend to have a personalised and narrow voter base and often enjoy the support of the military establishment. Most of these tribal chieftains are political turncoats who change political loyalties every five to ten years.

PTI should learn from the experience of other parties.Reliance on tribal chieftains, who are often backed by the military establishment, and pursuit of a narrow corruption-centric agenda won’t take it too far

In potential terms, the PTI does stand a chance in Balochistan. There is a tiny but growing middle class in Balochistan that the PTI can tap on to. Currently, the majority of this class has political loyalties with ethno-nationalist parties in the province. This class, especially the educated and professional segment, is very reluctant to support either the JUI-F or statewide parties. In other words, this class often faces Hobson’s choice in that the only option on the offer is nationalist parties. They don’t have an alternative in case they become disillusioned with nationalist parties. PTI has the potential to be the alternative political force that the middle class can turn to in such situations. It demonstrated a glimpse of this in the recent by-election for the Balochistan assembly seat of Ziarat, which had fallen vacant following the demise of sitting legislator Gul Muhammad Dummarh of JUI-F. The by-polls were expected to be a contest mainly between JUI-F and PkMAP. However, in a rather surprising development, PTI’s candidate bagged the second higher number of votes and lost by a very narrow margin to the JUI-F candidate, who was the son of the deceased legislator and was therefore riding a sympathy wave. PTI’s performance was remarkable when considered against the fact that its candidate didn’t receive any significant support either from the provincial or central party leadership. In contrast, both PkMAP and JUI-F went into the polls with their full might.

Whether the PTI can harness its electoral potential, however, depends on how it plays its cards in Balochistan. In this regard, two factors will be critical. First, PTI will have to weave the issues of Balochistan into its political narrative in order to be able to relate to people. Although PTI’s narrative on corruption does resonate with a significant segment of the population, it isn’t Balochistan’s only problem. There are other serious issues such as enforced disappearances, military’s over-bearing presence and repressive tactics, exploitation of Balochistan’s natural resources, and water shortage. Imran will have to speak about these issues if he wants to be taken seriously. His current narrative is unlikely to attract a large number of voters, especially in the Baloch regions. His obliviousness to the province’s context was on stark display in his recent rally where he kept harping on about the PM in the backdrop of the Panamagate and Dawn Leaks without once discussing any of Balochistan’s issues such as conflict, water crisis, sense of alienation etc.

Secondly, PTI’s chances depend on the strength of its organizational presence at the grass-roots level. Currently, it is following in the footsteps of other statewide parties. Imran Khan unceremoniously removed the elected leader of PTI Balochistan chapter and replaced him with the Baloch Sardar, Yaar Mohammad Rind who had just joined the party. The appointment of Rind — a former member of PML-Q and a minister during Musharraf’s era — sent shockwaves among diehard party workers. The adverse impact of Rind’s appointment can already be observed. The party is facing internal cracks and divisions. Just recently, Rind allegedly sent armed men to physically beat his own party colleague for raising voice against his leadership.

PTI should learn lessons from other statewide parties. Reliance on tribal chieftains, who are often backed by the military establishment and pursuit of a narrow corruption-centric agenda wouldn’t take it too far. It needs to completely rethink its current strategy and narrative if it wants to cultivate a loyal and sustainable support base.



The writer is a public policy graduate from University of Oxford

CPEC early harvest projects create over 30,000 jobs

ISLAMABAD - China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) early harvest projects have created direct employment for over 30,000 Pakistani engineers and workers, official data revealed.

According to the planning commission data available with The Nation, 🔷out of the total 38,000 jobs, under early harvest projects of the CPEC, around 8,000 or less than 25 percent were consumed by Chinese workers.

✔Energy projects, under the CPEC portfolio, are the major employment contributor where 16,000 Pakistanis were hired as labourer and engineers, the data said. The Port Qasim Coal Power project is on the top of the list which created job opportunities for 5,000 Pakistanis.

The Sahiwal Coal Power Plant project and Zonergy Solar Power project stand second with 3,000 jobs for the natives. Meanwhile, official sources said that between 300 and 500 engineers were working on energy projects which would surely help in the transfer of know-how from the Chinese to locals. It will be helpful for future execution of energy projects as Pakistan will have its own trained human resource.

The execution of two more energy projects of Sukki Kinari and Karot would generate around 6,000 more jobs for Pakistani engineers and workers. “A huge number of Pakistani civil and electrical engineers could grab this opportunity where hydropower projects are under execution,” said officials.

Besides the energy sector, the CPEC transport infrastructure sector stands second in creating around 13,000 jobs for locals. The data shows that 9,800 Pakistanis were working on Peshawar-Karachi Motorway (Multan Sukkur Section), the biggest infrastructure project under the CPEC. The data further shows that the Karakoram Highway Phase-II Havelian created jobs to 2,071 locals, the Orange Line Metro Lahore created employment for 956 and the fibre optic project created 580 jobs for Pakistanis.

The development of the free-zone project at Gwadar has created 404 direct jobs with additional 2,000 indirect employments. It is estimated that this project would create thousands of job opportunities for locals. The figures could grow significantly with more infrastructure projects expected to begin this year. With the start of work on the ML-1 project of Pakistan Railway, Gwadar airport, Eastbay Expressway at Gwadar and other road projects, the number of jobs will further increase for Pakistanis. Framework agreements for all these projects have been signed by both sides during One-Built, One-Road summit in China last month.

“These projects could further create up to 15,000 direct jobs this year,” officials said. “All companies are trying their level best to look for local engineers and labourers, fulfilling the social responsibility,” the officials said. In addition, the CPEC projects being implemented through the Public Sector Development Programme, particularly Hakla-Dera Ismail Khan Motorway Project, has also generated thousands of jobs for Pakistani workers.

Besides such a huge direct employment, the CPEC projects which are in construction phase have created thousands of indirect jobs and brought a boom for the construction industry as steel and cement manufacturers were fully engaged in multiplying their production. The officials said that the industrial cooperation phase to be started soon would be a real game changer. Relocation of Chinese industries could create hundred thousands of jobs for Pakistan skilled and non-skilled workers.

It is estimated that the employment opportunities for the local youth will maximise with the implementation of mega projects under the mid-to-long-term plan of the CPEC. The International Labour Organisation has estimated that the CPEC will support to create around 400,000 jobs while the Applied Economics Research Centre has estimated that the mega project was expected to create over 700,000 direct jobs between 2015 and 2030 and add 2 to 2.5 points to the annual economic growth of the country. The estimates of the planning commission show that the figure may go much higher as the CPEC would generate around 800,000 jobs over the next 15 years

Baloch Fighters attacked FC convoy in Mustung

Baloch sarmachar attacked FC convoy in Mustung Balochistan .

Baloch Genocide Briefing: May 2017

🔴 BNM monthly report by
Sanger news on 5th Jun 2017: 

* 57 military operations carried out by the barbarism army in occupied Balochistan during May 2017
* 114 persons abducted and disappeared.
* Dozens of houses looted.
* More than 50 houses burnt
* 30 dead bodies found
* 13 persons have been martyred
* 17 movement could not focused
* 23 persons released from millitary  torture cells

*details are in urdu as under :*

بی این ایم کی ماہانہ رپورٹ:57 فوجی آپریشن،114 لاپتہ،30 لاشیں،50 سے زائد گھر نذر آتش

Jun 5, 2017, 3:16 pm
کوئٹہ (سنگر نیوز)بلوچ نیشنل موؤمنٹ کے مرکزی سیکریٹری اطلاعات دلمراد بلوچ نے مئی کے مہینے کی مقبوضہ بلوچستان میں ریاستی سرپرستی میں انسانی حقوق کی گھمبیر تاصورتحال اورجاری ریاستی بربریت ،جبری گمشدگیوں ،آپریشنزو مسخ لاشوں کی برآمدگی کی تفصیلی رپورٹ میڈیا کوجاری کرتے ہوئے کہا کہ مئی کے مہینے میں پاکستانی فوج،ایف سی اور دیگرملٹری بشمول خفیہ اداروں نے 57 آپریشن کر کے 114.افراد کو حراست بعد لاپتہ کیا،جبکہ دوران آپریشن درجنوں گھروں میں لوٹ مار کے ساتھ50 سے زائد گھروں کو نذر آتش کر دیا گیا، مئی کے مہینے30 لاشیں ملیں،13.افراد فورسز کی جارحیت سے شہید ہوئے اور17 کے محرکات سامنے نہ آ سکے۔جبکہ 23 افراد فورسز کی تشدد خانوں سے بازیاب ہوئے۔
مرکزی سیکریٹری اطلاعات نے کہا کہ فورسز کی زمینی و فضائی آپریشنز بلوچستان میں معمول کا حصہ بن چکی ہیں،میڈیا کی خاموشی اور بلوچستان تک رسائی نہ کرنا ایک المیہ کے ساتھ بلوچ نسل کشی میں تیزی کا باعث بن رہا ہے،انہوں نے کہا کہ بی این ایم کی جانب سے میڈیامیں جاری کردہ ماہانہ رپورٹ میں تمام تفصیلات موجود ہوتے ہیں ،جبکہ کئی بار فورسز اپنے بیانات میں اعتراف کرتے ہیں کہ انہوں نے آپریشن کرکے گھروں کو نذر آتش کردیا ہے اور اپنی اس سنگین جرم کو چھپانے کے لیے معاون کار کا لفظ استعمال کرتے ہیں،انہوں نے کہا کہ حیرانگی میڈیا کی خاموشی پر ہوتی ہے کہ وہ حقائق جاننے کے لیے ان آپریشنز زدہ علاقوں کا دورہ نہیں کرتے یا فوجی ترجمان سے اس بارے سوالات نہیں اُٹھاتے کہ جہاں وہ درجنوں افراد کی گرفتاری کا دعوی تو کرتے ہیں مگر میڈیا میں انکے نام کیوں ظاہر نہیں کئے جاتے۔دلمراد بلوچ نے کہا کہ انسانی حقوق کے اداروں و میڈیا کی بلوچستان صورت حال پر خاموشی ایک سنگین انسانی بحران کو جنم دے چکا ہے۔
مئی کے ماہ کی تفصیلی رپورٹ
یکم مئی
۔۔پیر کو ضلع قلعہ عبداللہ کے علاقے گلستان میں واقع جنگل پیر علی زئی سے لیویز کو ایک نا معلوم شخص کی لاش ملی جسے شناخت کے لئے میزئی اڈہ ہسپتال منتقل کردیا گیا ۔
۔۔ دکی میں ایک نامعلوم شخص نے 17 سالہ نوجوان رحمت اللہ کو قتل کر دیا ۔قتل کی وجہ معلوم نہ ہو سکی۔
2 مئی
۔۔ پاکستانی فوج نے آج صبح تین بجے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے مندکوہ پشت میں ماسٹر غلام حسین نامی ایک شخص کے گھر پر حملہ کرکے خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد و ہراساں کرنے کے بعد ماسٹر غلام حسین کے بیٹے شبیر کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا ہے۔
۔۔ کیچ کے علاقے بالگتر میں پاکستانی فوج نے 7افراد کو حراست میں لیکرنامعلوم مقام پرمنتقل کردیا۔جن کی شناخت شیر دل ولد گہرام ،عارف ولد محمد حسن،محمد بخش،قادر،عبدالواحدولد شیر محمد،طلال ولدحیدر اوریاسین کے نام سے ہوگئی۔
۔۔بلوچستان کے علاقے پنجگور سے 11 سالہ لڑکا پراسر ار طور پر لاپتہ ہو گئے۔ گیارہ سالہ بچہ شہزاد گزشتہ روز پراسرار طور پر لاپتہ ہو گیا۔
۔۔ منگل کو پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے تمپ کسانو میں آپریشن کرکے 6افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا۔جن میں چار کی شناخت جاوید ولد جابر،ماجد ولد ہاشم،چارکی ولد ہاشم اور غنی ولد عثمان کے ناموں سے ہوگئی جبکہ دو کی شناخت تہ حال نہ ہوسکی۔
3 مئی
۔۔ گڈانی ساحل سمندر کے کنارے سے ایک نامعلوم شخص کی لاش پولیس کو ملی۔ پولیس نے لاش تحویل میں لے کر ہسپتال منتقل کر دی، لاش کو ضروری کارروائی کے بعد شناخت کے لئے مردہ خانے میں رکھ دیا گیا،لاش 5 روز پرانی بتائی تھی۔
۔۔ بروز بدھ کو پاکستانی فوج نے بولان کے کئی علاقوں میں بڑے پیمانے پر آپریشن کاآغاز کر کے گھر گھر تلاشی دوران خواتین وبچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا۔گھروں کے قیمتی اشیا لوٹ لئے جبکہ متعدد گھر اور کھیتوں کو نذآتش کردیا۔دوران آپریشن فوج نے متعدد افراد کو حراست میں لیکر نامعلوم مقام پر منتقل کردیا ۔
۔۔ مشکے کے علاقے مورماسی میں بھی فورسز نے علاقے کو محاصرے میں لیکر آپریشن کا آغاز کیا ۔لوگوں کی حراست میں لینے کی اطلاعات ہیں لیکن انکی تعداد و شناخت نہ ہوسکی ۔علاقے کے مواصلاتی نظام مکمل بند کردیا گیا ہے ۔
۔۔ ضلع کیچ کے علاقے مند گوک میں فورسز نے ایک گھر میں دھاوا بول کر خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بناکر زخمی کیا اور عزیز لنگو نامی ایک شخص کو حراست میں لیکر اپنے ساتھ لے گئے ۔ عزیزلنگو دونوں پاؤں سے معذور ہے اور وہ چل پھر نہیں سکتا۔کہا جارہا ہے کہ عزیز لنگو کو اس سے قبل بھی فورسزحراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کرچکی ہے اور تین چار روز تک تشدد کے بعد انہیں چھوڑ دیا گیا اور آج پھر اسے لے گئے ہیں ۔
4 مئی
۔۔جمعرات پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے شاپک عمری کہن میں ایک ہوٹل پر حملہ کرکے3ٹینکر سمیت 6افراد کو حراست میں لیکر کیمپ منتقل کردیا۔جبکہ میڈیا میں فورسز جانب بیان بھی جاری کیا گیا ہے جس میں دعویٰ کیا گیا کہ گرفتارافراد کے قبضے سے اسلحہ برآمد کیا گیا ہے لیکن حسب معمول گرفتار افراد کے نام ظاہر نہیں کئے گئے ۔اسی طرح گذشتہ دنوں 2مئی کو تمپ کو علاقے کونشقلات میں فوج نے آپریشن کر کے تین افراد کو حراست بعد لاپتہ کیا جن میں 3کی شناخت ظفر ولد ملا محمد علی،گل شیر ولد رحیم بخش اورنور بخش ولد عمرکے ناموں سے ہوگئی ۔
5 مئی
۔۔بروز جمعہ کو پاکستانی فوج و خفیہ اداروں کے اہلکاروں نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے تمپ دازن میں بلوچی زبان کے نوجوان شاعر و ادیب زاہد کریم رئیس کو حراست میں لیکر نامعلوم مقام پر منتقل کردیا اور رات گئے واپس چھوڑ دیا۔
6 مئی
۔۔ تمپ کے علاقے کوشقلات میں آج بروز ہفتہ کو پاکستانی فوج نے بلوچ موسیقار و گلوکار منہاج مختار کے گھر پر ایک بار پھر حملہ کر کے خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا۔واضع رہے کہ اس سے قبل بھی پاکستانی فوج نے استادمنہاج مختار کے گھر کو نذر آتش کیا تھا اور لوگوں کو شدید دھمکیاں دی تھیں۔
۔۔پنجگور کے علاقے سے نامعلوم مسلح افراد نے ایک شخص کو نواب کو اغواء کر کے نامعلوم مقام پر لے گئے۔
۔۔پنجگور کے علاقے سے 5 روز قبل پراسرار طور پر لاپتہ ہونیوالا نوجوان شہزاد گھر پہنچ گیا ۔
8 مئی
۔۔مند گیاب میں اصغر ولد داداللہ عرف ناکو ابراہیم فورسز کی فائرنگ سے شہید۔
9 مئی
۔۔بروزمنگل کو پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے تمپ گومازی میں علی الصبح آپریشن کرکے خواتین و بچوں کو شدید تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا جبکہ کئی گھروں میں لوٹ مار کے بعد انہیں نذر آتش کیا گیا ۔آپریشن دوران فورسز نے 2افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جن کی شناخت جاسم ولد پیر بخش اوروحید ولد غفورکے ناموں سے ہوگئی۔مقامی ذرائع کے مطابق جاسم پیر بخش گلف کے ملک بحرین میں کام کرتا ہے اور کچھ دنوں قبل چھٹیا ں گزارنے کیلئے گومازی آیا تھااور آج انہیں واپس بحرین جانا تھا۔
۔۔پسنی سے لاپتہ ایک اور نوجوان کی حراستی قتل،لاش برآمد ، گذشتہ دو تین دن قبل ضلع گوادر کے تحصیل پسنی کے علاقے چربندر میں پاکستان آرمی و خفیہ اداروں نے آپریشن کرکے بالاچ بلوچ نامی ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جسے تشدد کے بعد آج بروزمنگل کوان کی لاش کو پسنی میں پھینک دیا گیا ہے ۔
۔۔ تربت کے علاقے سلو بلیدہ کے مقام پر 4 نامعلوم موٹرسائیکل سواروں نے اکرم نامی شخص کے گھر پر اندھادھند فائرنگ کر کے اکرم اور اس کی بیوی کو قتل جبکہ ان کی بیٹی فاطمہ بی بی کو شدید زخمی کر دیا اور فرار ہو گئے ۔
۔۔پاکستانی فوج وخفیہ اداروں نے ایک نوجوان کو اس کے ساتھی کے ساتھ حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جس میں ایک کی شناخت مولداد ولد فقیر محمد تعلق باز واجہ کلانچ تحصیل پسنی کے نام سے ہوئی ہے ۔
۔۔ منگل کی رات کیچ کے علاقے بلنگور دشت میں نامعلوم افراد نے رستم کے گھر پر بم پھینکا جو زورداردھماکے سے پھٹنے کے نتیجے میں خاتون مراد بی بی ہلاک جبکہ 3خواتین حاتم بی بی ، عظمیٰ بی بی ،لیلیٰ بی بی اور شبیر زخمی ہوگئے۔
10 مئی
ستائیس اپریل کو تربت سے اغوا ہونے والا طالب علم حضور جان ولد واحد بخش بازیاب ہوگیا۔
۔۔کوئٹہ سے لاش برآمد،شناخت نہ ہوسکی ،بدھ کو کوئٹہ کے علاقے مغربی بائی پاس پر کلی خیزی کے مقام پر پولیس کو نا معلوم شخص کی لاش ملی جسے شناخت کے لئے سول ہسپتال منتقل کردیاگیا ۔

۔۔ضلع کیچ کے علاقے تمپ گومازی میں آپریشن کر کے گھر گھر تلاشی لی ۔ کئی گھروں میں خواتین و بچوں کو تشددکا نشانہ بناکر لوٹ مار کی گئی ۔جبکہ بلوچ فنکار سدھیر بلوچ کے گھر میں بھی فورسز نے لوٹ مار کے بعد ان کا یکا کرولہ گاڈی اور ایک موٹر سائیکل کو لوٹ کر اپنے ساتھ لے گئے۔واضع رہے کہ گذشتہ دنوں ایک بلوچ موسیقار منہاج مختار کے گھر کو بھی لوٹ مار کے بعد نذر آتش کیا گیا ۔
۔۔ دشت کے علاقے باھوٹ چات میں فوج نے دھاوا بول کر سدیر ولدمقبول ، محمد جان ولد آدم اور اس کے بیٹے زبیر کو اغوا کیا ۔
11 مئی
۔۔جمعرات کو پاکستانی و فوج و خفیہ اداروں نے گوادر نیو ٹاؤن سے ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جس کی شناخت صغیرولد بابو کے نام سے ہوگئی جبکہ اس کا تعلق دشت سے بتایا جارہاہے۔
۔۔دشت میں فورسز کا آپریشن، 3لاپتہ ، تربت سے ایک بازیاب،کیچ کے علاقے باہوٹ چات میں پاکستانی فوج و خفیہ اداروں نے آپریشن کر کے ایک گھر میں خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا اور 3افراد ایک باپ کو 2بیٹوں سمیت حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جن کی سدھیر مقبول،محمد جان اور زبیر کے ناموں سے ہوگئی۔جبکہ فورسز کے ہاتھوں لاپتہ ایک طالب علم حضور جان ولد واحد بخش تربت سے بازیاب ہوکر اپنے گھر پہنچ گیا۔
12 مئی
۔۔پسنی و دشت سے فورسز ہاتھوں 9افراد جبری طور پر لاپتہ، ضلع گوادر کے تحصیل پسنی شہر سے کلانچی محلہ میں آپریشن کر کے 7افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا ہے ۔جنکی شناخت ابھی تک نہ ہوسکی ہے ۔جبکہ ضلع کیچ کے علاقے دشت اور مند کے درمیان واقع علاقے کترینزمیں فورسز نے دو افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جن کی شناخت معاس ولد عبداللہ اور شعیب مولا بخش کے ناموں سے ہوگئی ۔مقامی ذرائع کے مطابق شعیب اور معاس کاشاپ سے مند جارہے تھے کہ فورسز نے جبری طور پر حراست بعد لاپتہ کئے ۔
۔۔گذشتہ دنوں گوادر میں پاکستانی فوورسز و خفیہ اداروں کے ہاتھوں لاپتہ ہونے والے صغیربابوبازیاب ہوکر گھر پہنچ گیا۔
۔۔ بروز جمعہ کو پاکستانی فوج و خفیہ اداروں نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے مند بلوچ آباد سے ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر نامعلوم مقام پر منتقل کردیا ہے ۔جس کی شناخت عبدلرزاق ولد شفیع محمد کے نام سے ہوگئی ۔
14 مئی
۔۔گریشہ پاکستانی فوج کا آپریشن جاری، تین کمسن بچوں سمیت7 افراد حراست بعد لاپتہ،،گریشہ کے علاقے آسپ کنری میں فورسز نے آبادی پر حملہ کر کے خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنانے کے ساتھ گھروں میں لوٹ مار کی اور چار افراد غلامی بلوچ،علم خان،کریم جان،اور امیر بلوچ کو حراست بعد لاپتہ کر دیا۔، گریشہ کے علاقے بدرنگ میں آبادی پر دھاوا بول کر گھر میں لوٹ مار بعد تین کمسن بچوں ، ندیم بلوچ عمر 9 سال، آصف عمر14 سال اورافضل کو حراست بعد لاپتہ کردیا،۔
۔۔ آواران کے علاقے بزداد گند کور لنک میں پاکستانی فوج نے فائرنگ کر کے بی ایس او آزاد کے آرگنائزنگ باڈی کے ممبر سراج عرف سواد بلوچ کو شہید کر دیا۔
15 مئی
۔۔ پیر کو کوئٹہ کے سریاب روڈ پر واقع کلی سردہ میں نا معلوم موٹر سائیکل سواروں نے رکشے پر فائرنگ کردی جس کے نتیجے میں46سالہ رکشہ ڈرائیور میر افضل ہلاک ہوگیا ،
16 مئی
۔۔ پیر کے روز پاکستانی زمینی فوج نے پیدارک کے مختلف علاقوں گورکوپ،سری کلگ و دیگر علاقوں کا محاصرہ کرنے کے بعد آبادی پر دھاوا بول دیا،گھروں میں لوٹ مار بعد درجن سے زائد گھروں کو نذر آتش کرنے کے ساتھ 7 افراد خو حراست بعد لاپتہ کر دیا،جنکی شناخت نورالدین ولد مزار،صادق ولد نیک بخت،جمیل ولد دلمراد ،شوکت ولد پنڈل،ریاض ولد احمدنصرت ولد قاسم،عمران ولد محراب سے ہوئے۔
۔۔آواران کے علاقے تیریج میں پاکستان فوج نے آبادی کو محاصرے بعد دھاوا بول کر خواتین و بچوں سمیت موجود بزرگوں اور مردوں کو الگ الگ لائن میں کھڑا کرنے کے ساتھ لوگوں کو خالی میگزین والی بندوقین تھمانے کے ساتھ پاکستان زندہ باد اور بلوچستان مردہ باد کے نعرے لگوائے اور ان مناظر کی تصویر کشی کے ساتھ ویڈیو بنائے،خواتین نے پاکستانی فوج کی اس عمل پر اجتجاج کرنے کے ساتھ پاکستان مردہ باد کے نعرے لگائے جس پر فوجی اہلکاروں نے خواتین و بچوں کو ایک لائن میں کھڑا کر کے شدید تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا جس سے بزرگ بلوچ ماں حوا بی بی سمیت در بی بی،ملک خاتوں شدید زخمی ہوئے۔پاکستانی فوج نے زبردستی لوگوں کو بندوق تھما کے پاکستان کے حق میں نعروں کی فلم و تصاویر کشی کی۔
17 مئی
جیونی کے علاقے پانوان میں فوج نے دھاوا بو ل کر لوگوں پر تشدد کی اورُ یعقوب ولدبشیر کو اغوا کر لیا۔
18 مئی
۔۔جمعرات کو کچلا ک کے علاقے سملی سے پولیس کو ایک نا معلوم شخص کی لاش ملی جسے شنا خت کے لئے ہسپتال منتقل کردیاگیا ۔
۔۔ جمعرات کو نصیرآباد کے علاقے گوٹھ علی نواز عمرانی میں نا معلوم افراد نے فا ئرنگ کر دی جس کے نتیجے میں اعجاز عمرانی ہلاک ہوگیا ۔
دشت کے علاقے زیارتی اور جان محمد بازار میں فوج نے دھاوا بول کر کئی لوگوں کو اُٹھا کر لاپتہ کیا۔ ان کی شناخت شاہ جان ولد عیسٰی ،اصغر ولد لعل بخش،رفیق ولدلعل بخش ،امیتان ولد رفیق ،شے محمد ولد محمد،درجان ولد شے محمد،مراد جان ولدبابو، عنایت ولدشیرمحمد۔
* گوادر ٹی ٹی سی کالونی میں فوج کا دھاوا، دو بلوچ اغوا: ولید ولدحاجی ابولحسن اورشعیب ولد صالح محمد جو دشت زرین بگ کے رہائشی ہیں۔
19 مئی
۔۔کراچی کے لیاقت ہسپتال میں پاکستانی فورسز وخفیہ اداروں نے ایک بلوچ نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جن کی شناخت غفار ولد عبدالغور کے نام سے ہوگئی ۔
۔۔ پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے گومازی میں کھجوروں کے باغات سے چار افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جن کی شناخت عمران ولدحاجی عبدالرحمن،نصیر ولد مولابخش،مہری ولد ولید اور طارق ولد حاجی احمد کے ناموں سے ہوگئی جواپنے باغات کیلئے پانی کھول رہے تھے کہ فوج نے انہیں حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا ۔واضع رہے کہ فوج نے کھجوروں کے باغات میں جانے کیلئے پابندی کالگادی لیکن علاقے کے لوگوں کا ذرائع روزگار اور معاش کھجور سے وابستہ ہے ۔
۔۔ ڈیرہ بگٹی اور کوہستان مری کے سرحدی علاقوں جنت علی، سخین، چب در، نیساو اور سہراوغ میں پاکستانی فورسز نے کاروائی کرتے ہوئے بلوچ آبادیوں کو بلاتفریق نشانہ بنایا اور بھرپور فوجی طاقت کا مظاہرہ کرتے ہوئے غریب دیہاتیوں کی گھروں اور جھونپڑیوں پر دھاوا بول دیا۔ کاروائیوں میں ایک بلوچ شہید جبکہ پانچ زخمی ہوگئے۔ بڑی تعداد میں گھروں سے لوٹ مار کرکے انہیں نذر آتش کردیا گیا۔ ان کاروائیوں کے دوران متعدد بے گناہ بلوچ فرزندان کو اغواہ کیا گیا ۔۔
۔۔3 مئی فورسز فائرنگ وحید احمد المعروف محترم شہید ہوگئے ۔
20 مئی
۔۔تفتان کے علاقے میں نامعلوم افراد نے فائرنگ کر کے ایک شخص کو قتل کر دیا اور فرار ہو گئے۔
۔۔آواران ،دشت و تجابان میں آپریشن ، قتل،7لاپتہ،ایک بازیاب ۔ بروز ہفتہ کو پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے دشت جان محمد بازار اور تجابان کرکی میں آپریشن کرکے 4افراد کوقتل جبکہ7کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا۔جنکی شناخت جلیل ولد گل محمد،ولید ولد میاہ،عیسیٰ ولد شمبے ،ماسٹر سراج ،گہرام الہی بخش کے ناموں سے ہوگئی۔فورسز نے تجابان میں دوران آپریشن شاکرولد درا نامی ایک شخص کے گھر کو نذر آتش کردیاجبکہ خواتین و بچوں کو شدید تشدد کا نشاناہ بنایا یا گیا۔ دریں اثنابلوچستان کے علاقے آواران میں پاکستانی فوج نے آپریشن کرکے 4افرادکوہلاک 2کو گرفتار کرکے لاپتہ کردیا۔ آواران میں فورسز ہاتھوں قتل اور لاپتہ ہونے والے افراد کی ابھی تک شناخت نہ ہوسکی۔ ۔علاوہ ازیں بالگتر سے فوج کے ہاتھوں دوران آپریشن لاپتہ ہونے والے ایک نوجوان بازیاب ہوکر گھر پہنچ گیا ہے جس کی شناخت یاسر بہرام تربت سے بازیاب ہوکر اپنے گھر پہنچ گیا ہے۔۔
* کیچ: تل،ہوشاپ ،تجابان میں آپریشن ۔ ہوشاپ سے فوج کے ہاتھوں دو بچے اغوا ہوئے تو علاقے کے خواتین نے احتجاج کرکے بچوں کو چھڑا لیا۔ ہوشاپ تل میں کئی گھر نزشر آتش اور تجابان سے شکر نامی شخص فوج کے ہاتھوں اغوا۔
21 مئی
۔۔ صبح سے جاری جھاؤ میں آپریشن میں اتوار کے روز بھی شدت لائی گئی ہے۔بیلہ سے جھاؤ اور آواران سے جھاؤ کے راستے سیل کرنے کے ساتھ درجنوں گاؤں اس وقت فوجی محاصرے میں ہیں،زمینی فوج کے ساتھ گن شپ ہیلی کاپٹروں اور جنگی جہاز بھی اس آپریشن میں شامل ہیں۔ جھاؤ میں مواصلاتی نظام کی بھی مکمل بند کر دیا گیا ہے۔،آواران میں مقامی انتظامیہ نے جھاؤ آپریشن کی تصدیق کر دی ہے مگر انکے مطابق انکے پاس بھی اس آپریشن کی تاحال نقصانات کی تفصیل نہیں ہے انکے مطابق مقامی انتظامیہ کو بھی فوج نے جھاؤ میں جانے سے روکھ دیا ہے۔تاحال آپریشن اور گن شپ ہیلی کاپٹروں کی بمباری جاری ہے۔
۔۔ کیچ کے علاقے دشت کنچتی کراس سے پاکستانی فورسز و خفیہ اداروں اور انکے لے پالک مقامی ڈیتھ اسکواڈ اہلکاروں نے مسافر بس سے چیئر مین دوست ولد حسن نامی ایک شخص کو جبری طور پر حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا۔واضع رہے کہ چیئر مین دوست محمد شہید طاہر کے والد ہیں اور ان کا تعلق گومازی سے ہے ۔ جبکہ ایک دوسرے واقعہ میں پاکستانی فورسز و خفیہ اداروں نے کراچی کے علاقے ملیر سے باسط ولد عبدالقادر نامی ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جو گوادر کا رہائشی بتایا جاتا ہے ۔
* پنجگوردمگ گرمکان میں فوج نے شہید دادجان ولد یاسین کے گھر پر چھاپہ مار کر خواتین اور بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا اور گھر سے قیمتی سامانوں سے کو لوٹ لیا۔
* مندکے علاقے دوکوپ میں فوج نے کراچی سے آنے والی بس سے علی اکبر ولدحاجی اکرم سکنہ ہوزئی کو اغوا کر لیا۔
ؓؓؓؓؓ * پنجگو: گرمکان سے فوج نے بلوچی زبان کے شاعرملک ابرارکے فرزند وسیم بلوچ کو اغوا کر لیا۔۔
22 مئی
۔۔جھاؤ آپریشن جاری،چار لاشوں کی شناخت ہو گئی، جھاؤ میں تیسرے روز بھی پاکستانی فوج کا آپریشن جاری ہے،جبکہ گزشتہ روز پاکستانی فوج نے چار مسخ لاشیں ہسپتال کے باہر پھینک دئیے ،جنکے شناخت جیب میں موجود پرچیوں سے ان ناموں سے ہوئے،ہدایت اللہ،صدام بلوچ،ماجد اور حسین سے ہوئے۔ دو لاشوں کے چہرے مسخ تھے جن کے جیب میں پرچی پہ ماجد اور حسین درج تھا ۔
۔۔پیر کے روز دشت کے علاقے شولیگ میں پاکستانی زمینی فوج نے آبادی پر دھاوا بول کر گھروں میں لوٹ مار کے ساتھ خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنانے کے ساتھ کئی گھروں کو نذر آتش کر دیا۔
* دشت زرین بگ:فوج نے دھاوا بول کر خواتین اور بچوں پر تشدد کی اور ان کے موبائل فون چھین کر اپنے ساتھ لے گئے۔ ساتھ ہی زرین بگ کے رہائشیُ عزیزولد امان کو اغوا کر لیا۔
۔۔ بروز پیر کو پاکستانی فوج نے ضلع کیچ کے علاقے دشت کمبیل میں آپریشن کرکے خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا،گھروں کی قیمتی سازوسامان لوٹ لئے جبکہ متعدد گھروں کو نذر آتش کردیا گیا۔ فوج نے علاقہ مکین کو فوری طور پر علاقہ خالی کرنے کی دھمکی دی اورکہا کہ خالی نہ کرنے کی صورت میں علاقے کے تما م گھروں کو قیمتی سازوسامان کے ساتھ نذرآتش کردیا جائے گا ۔واضع رہے کہ جن خاندانوں کے گھروں کو نذر آتش کیا گیا انہیں فوج نے پہلے دھمکی دی تھی کہ گھروں کو خالی کرکے جائے اورانہوں نے گھروں کو خالی نہیں کیا تو انہیں قیمتی سازوسامان کیساتھ نذر آتش کیا گیا۔فورسز کی آئے روز آپریشن سے اب تک80فیصد لوگ علاقہ چھوڑ کر نقل مکانی کرچکے ہیں ۔دشت سی پیک روٹ پر واقع ہے اور بلوچستان بھر میں سی پیک روٹ پر واقع تمام آبادیوں کوپاکستانی فوج زبردستی نقل مکانی کرنے پر مجبور کر رہی ہے ۔
23 مئی
۔۔ ضلع گوادر کے تحصیل شہر پسنی سے پاکستانی خفیہ اداروں اور فورسز نے ایک گھر پر حملہ کرکے 2افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جنکی شناخت آصف ولد نذر رہائشی وارڈ نمبر6اور ریحان ولد ریاض رہائشی وارڈ نمبر1کے ناموں سے ہوگئی۔گھر پر حملے کے دوران فورسز نے خواتین و بچوں کو شدیددتشدد کا نشانہ بھی بنایا۔
۔۔ تربت کے علاقے بلیدہ میں نامعلوم موٹرسائیکل سواروں نے فائرنگ کے ا سکول ٹیچر شوکت علی کو ہلاک کر دیا جبکہ سبی کے علاقے خجک میں نامعلوم مسلح افراد نے فائرنگ کرکے دو افراد کو قتل کر دیا۔
۔۔ بروز منگل کو پاکستانی فوج و خفیہ اداروں نے آواران کے علاقے بیدی میں ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جن کی شناخت حاسد ولد ہاشم کے نام سے ہوگئی۔
۔۔ گزشتہ روز پسنی سے ریحان ولد ریاض ،آصف ولد نزیرفوج کے ہاتھوں اغوا ہوئے تھے۔ ریحان کو آج چھوڑ دیا گیا جب کہ آصف ابھی تک لاپتہ ہیں۔
* تمپ گومازی: کچھ دن پہلے اغوا ہونے والے ساجداور وحید بازیاب ہوئے جب کہ جاسم ابھی تک لاپتہ ہیں۔
* تین بلوچ فرزند رہا: 29 جولائی2016 کو فوج کے ہاتھوں تربت سے اغوا ہونے والے صبور ولد یعقوب سکنہ بگ تربت،گزشتہ دنوں دشت سے لاپتہ ہونے والے عزیزولد امان سکنہ دزریں بگ، 18 مئی کو گوادر سے اغوا ہونے والے ولید ولد ابولحسن سکنہ د دشت بازیاب، جبکہ ولید کے ساتھ اغوا ہونے والا شعیب ابھی تک لاپتہ ہیں۔
۔۔ ضلع کیچ کے علاقے دشت جان محمد بازار گاؤں کے اسکول اور واٹر سپلائی عمارتوں پر قبضہ کرکے اپنی چوکیاں قائم کردیں۔جبکہ علاقہ مکینوں کوایک ہفتے کے دوران فوری طور پر علاقہ خالی کرنے کی دھمکی دی اور کہا کہ اگر علاقہ خالی نہ کیا گیا تو خواتین و بچوں کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کیا جائے گاجس سے علاقے کے80فیصد لوگوں نے مجبوراٍنقل مکانی کی جبکہ باقی بچے لوگ انتہائی خوف و ہراس میں ہیں۔ واضع رہے کہ دشت سی پیک روٹ پر واقع ہے اورپاکستانی فورسز کاآئے روز آپریشن و لوگوں پر تشدد اور گھروں کو نذر آتش کرنا ایک معموم بن چکا ہے اور علاقہ خالی کرنے کی دھمکیاں اس پر مستزاد ہیں۔ جس پر لوگوں کو اپنی جدی پشتی علاقہ، کھیت کلیان ، گھر پار اور زندگی بھر کی ماحصل زبردستی چھوڑنے پر مجبور کیا جارہا ہے ۔
۔۔ بروز بدھ کو پاکستانی خفیہ اداروں اور فورسز نے کلانچ سے پسنی آنے والی ایک مسافر وین کو پسنی کالج کے قریب روک کر اس میں سوار الہٰی بخش ولد یعقوب نامی ایک نوجوان کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا۔الہٰی بخش کا تعلق باز واجہ کلانچ سے بتایا جارہا ہے۔واضع رہے کہ اس سے قبل بھی کلانچ سے فورسز نے متعدد افراد کو حراست بعد لاپتہ کیا ہے ۔
25 مئی
* تمپ گومازی: بی این ایم کے رہنما غلام نبی،عبدالرحمٰن اور عبدالسلام کے گھروں کو فوج نے جلا ڈالا۔
* گوادر سے لاش برآمد جسکی شناخت نسیم ولد رحمت سکنہ پٹھان کہور تربت سے ہوئی۔
* 21 مئی کو فوج و ریاستی ڈیتھ اسکواڈ کے ہاتھوں اغوا ہونے والے دوست محمد ولد حسن سکنہ گومازی تمپ کی لاش دشت سے برآمد۔
* 21 اپریل کو سولیر تحصیل بیسمہ آپریشن میں اغوا ہونے دس بلوچ فرزندوں کو فوج نے چھوڑ دیا۔ ان کے نام ر لال جان ولد پیر محمد ، بشیر ولد قادربکش ،بورجان ولد محمد،رزامحمد ولد اسماعیل ،آسپ ولد نورمحمد ،الی جان ولد گزی ،ایوب ولدنورمحمد،فتح محمد ولد الی،نزیرولد حاجی،دادکریم ولد عصاء ہیں۔
27 مئی
۔۔ضلع کیچ کے علاقے تمپ میں پاکستانی فورسز نے ایک گھر میں دھاوا بول کر خواتین و بچوں کو تشدد کا نشانہ بنایا اور دو افراد کو حراست میں لیکر لاپتہ کردیا جن میں ایک کو بعد ازاں چھوڑ دیا جبکہ ایک تاحال لاپتہ ہیں جنکی شناخت توفیق ولد عبدالمجید کے نام سے ہوگئی ۔
۔۔ ہفتے کو نوشکی میں امین الدین روڈ پر نامعلوم مسلح افراد نے فائرنگ کرکے واپڈا اہلکار نبی بخش کو ہلاک کر دیا اور فرار ہوگئے ۔
۔ ۔ہفتے کو ایرانی باڈر فورسز نے ایک بار پھر سے سرحدی حدود کی خلاف ورزی کر تے ہوئے پنجگور میں مارٹر گولے فا ئر کیے جو پنجگور سے منسلک بارڈر حدود میں ایک گاڑی پر گرے جس کے نتیجے میں ایک شخص کریم جان جاں بحق ہوگیا۔
۔۔خضدار: نال میں فائرنگ سے لعل جان ساسولی زخمی اور اس کا بیٹا ہلاک ۔ لعل جان ساسولی شفیق مینگل کی سربراہی میں ریاستی ڈیاتھ اسکواڈ کا اہم کارندہ تھا۔
* دشت:کروس تنک میں پاکستانی فوج نے فائرنگ کرکے دو آزادی پسند چاکر ولد ڈاکٹر رؤف سکنہ تربت اور عبدالسلام ولد غفار سکنہ دشت کروس تنک کو شہید کردیا۔
سوراب: گھر پر فوج کا اندھا دھند فائرگ، ایک بلوچ فرزند خدا نظر شہید۔
* کوئٹہ کے علاقے سریاب سے ایک لاش برامد۔
خضدار: تحصیل نال کے علاقے گریشہ باہڑی میں فوج نے حسین ساجدی نامی شخص کے گھروں کو جلا دیا۔
دشت کمبیل میں فورسز نے ڈاکٹر غلام رسول کے گھروں کو جلا دیا۔

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