No Western company has the kind of partnership with its state as Gazprom has with the Kremlin. No Western country or company would build pipelines with such political calculations. None would undertake commercially unviable projects. We are dealing with a situation where normal competitive market principles simply do not work. It is imperative the Europeans recognize it and start taking steps accordingly; we are invariably dealing with a state-sponsored organization that has turned gas pipelines into a geopolitical tool." --Zeyno Baran
OIL, OLIGARCHS, AND OPPORTUNITY: ENERGY FROM CENTRAL ASIA TO EUROPE Committee on Foreign Relations The United States Senate June 12, 2008 Zeyno Baran Senior Fellow and Director, Center for Eurasian Policy Hudson Institut
International infrastructure investment and development is no longer merely about profitability: it’s become a way of obtaining influence in a country, a way of countering the position of competing geopolitical forces. India, a country that sorely needs to revive its own aging infrastructure, is now reputedly set to invest $2 billion in Sri Lanka. While Japan has committed to investing $200 billion in Asian and African infrastructure and Russia is busy building new dry ports and other pieces of transportation infrastructure throughout the post-Soviet realm
'Not all projects under the BRI are economically viable, which suggests that there is geo-strategic motivation involved,”.
Shivshankar Menon, former National Security Adviser